PMID: 12413245Nov 5, 2002

Demand for, access to and use of community mental health care: lessons from a demonstration project in India and Pakistan

The International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Sarah JamesMalik Mubbashar


A widely promoted model of mental health care and prevention appropriate to many low-income countries is one that is integrated into the local primary health care system. To examine the influence of health-seeking behaviours (demand-side factors) and the access to/availability of services (supply-side factors) on local service utilisation patterns for people with common mental disorders. Two rural catchment populations outside Bangalore (India) and Rawalpindi (Pakistan), one with the standard primary health care system, the other with additional mental health care training and support, were screened for common mental disorders. Diagnosed cases were interviewed about their use of and perceptions of local health care services (repeated three months later). Individuals' use of integrated mental health and other care was modest. Principal (self-rated) supply-side factors were the cost of care, distance from treatment centre, a perception that care would not be effective, and concerns regarding stigma. Perceptions improved over three months, accompanied by an increased preference for public over private providers, but this was not restricted to the integrated care localities. The use (and therefore effectiveness) of mental health se...Continue Reading


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Diagnosis, Psychiatric
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