Feb 1, 1991

Denaturation behavior of phaseolin in urea, guanidine hydrochloride, and sodium dodecyl sulfate solutions

Journal of Protein Chemistry
S S Deshpande, S Damodaran

Abstract

The denaturation behavior of phaseolin in urea, guanidine hydrochloride, and sodium dodecyl sulfate solutions was examined by monitoring changes in the intrinsic fluorescence of tryptophan and tyrosyl residues. Changes in various fluorescence parameters, such as quantum yield, emission maximum, spectral half-width, fluorescence depolarization, and fluorescence quenching by acrylamide, have indicated that while phaseolin is relatively stable up to 8 M urea, it is completely destabilized in 6 M guanidine hydrochloride and 6 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate. Furthermore, while the denaturation of phaseolin in urea solutions followed a two-step process, that in guanidine hydrochloride and sodium dodecyl sulfate followed a single-step process. While the accessibility of tryptophan residues to the nonionic acrylamide quencher is almost 100% in 6 M guanidine hydrochloride and 6 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate, only about 72% was accessible in 8 M urea compared to 52% in native phaseolin. The results presented here suggest that the protomeric structure of phaseolin is quite stable to changes in the environment. This structural stability may be partly responsible for its resistance to proteolysis by various proteinases.

Mentioned in this Paper

Tryptophan
Acrylamide
Carmol
Guanidine Sulfite (1: 1)
Peptide Hydrolases
Fluorescence
Endopeptidases
Protein Conformation
Urea Measurement
Denaturation

About this Paper

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