Apr 4, 2020

TINC - a method to dissect transcriptional complexes at single locus resolution - reveals novel Nanog regulators in mouse embryonic stem cells

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. S. KnauppJose Maria Polo

Abstract

Cellular identity is ultimately controlled by transcription factors (TFs), which bind to specific regulatory elements (REs) within the genome to regulate gene expression and cell fate changes. While recent advances in genome-wide epigenetic profiling techniques have significantly increased our understanding of which REs are utilized in which cell type, it remains largely unknown which TFs and cofactors interact with these REs to modulate gene expression. A major hurdle in dissecting the whole composition of a multi-protein complex formed at a specific RE is the shortage of appropriate techniques. We have developed a novel method termed TALE-mediated Isolation of Nuclear Chromatin (TINC). TINC utilizes epitope-tagged TALEs to isolate a specific genomic region from the mammalian genome and includes a nuclei isolation and chromatin enrichment step for increased specificity. Upon cross-linking of the cells and isolation of the chromatin, the target region is purified based on affinity purification of the TALE and associated nucleic acid and protein molecules can be subjected to further analyses. A key TF in the pluripotency network and therefore in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) is NANOG. It is currently not fully understood how Nanog...Continue Reading

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