Dec 1, 2019

Dengue proteins with their role in pathogenesis, and strategies for developing an effective anti-dengue treatment: A review

Journal of Medical Virology
Sitara NasarSaima Iftikhar

Abstract

Dengue virus is an arbovirus belonging to class Flaviviridae Its clinical manifestation ranges from asymptomatic to extreme conditions (dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome). A lot of research has been done on this ailment, yet there is no effective treatment available for the disease. This review provides the systematic understanding of all dengue proteins, role of its structural proteins (C-protein, E-protein, prM) in virus entry, assembly, and secretion in host cell, and nonstructural proteins (NS1, NS2a, NS2b, NS3, NS4a, NS4b, and NS5) in viral assembly, replication, and immune evasion during dengue progression and pathogenesis. Furthermore, the review has highlighted the controversies related to the only commercially available dengue vaccine, that is, Dengvaxia, and the risk associated with it. Lastly, it provides an insight regarding various approaches for developing an effective anti-dengue treatment.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Dengue Fever
NS4B protein, hepatitis C virus
Research
Immune Evasion
Pathogenesis
Virus
Vaccines
Virus Replication
Flaviviridae
Viral Structural Proteins

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