Apr 1, 2020

Tamoxifen repurposing to combat infections by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Pengfei QinYounes Smani

Abstract

The development of new strategic therapies for multidrug-resistant bacteria, like the use of non-antimicrobial approaches and/or drugs repurposing to be used as monotherapies or in combination with clinically relevant antibiotics, has become an urgent need. A therapeutic alternative for infections by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli (MDR-GNB) is immune system modulation to improve the infection clearance. We showed that immunocompetent mice infected by Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Escherichia coli in peritoneal sepsis models and treated with tamoxifen at 80 mg/kg/d for three days reduced the release of MCP-1 and its signalling pathway IL-18 and phosphorylated ERK1/2. This reduction of MCP-1 induced the reduction of migration of inflammatory monocytes and neutrophils from bone marrow to blood. Indeed, the treatment with tamoxifen in murine peritoneal sepsis models reduced the bacterial load in tissues and blood; and increased the mice survival from 0% to 60-100%. Tamoxifen treatment of neutropenic mice infected by these pathogens increased mice survival up to 20-60%. Furthermore, susceptibility and time-kill assays showed that the metabolites of tamoxifen, N-desmethyltamoxifen, hydroxytamoxifen and...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Study
American
Native American Myopathy
Affect (Mental Function)
Receptors, Antigen
Energy Metabolism
Physician Supervision of a Nursing Facility Patient (Patient Not Present) Requiring Complex and Multidisciplinary Care Modalities Involving Regular Physician Development and/or Revision of Care Plans, Review of Subsequent Reports of Patient Status, Review
East
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.