PMID: 6460052Feb 1, 1982

Dental care for patients with renal failure and renal transplants

The Journal of the American Dental Association
S B Sowell

Abstract

Patients with renal failure have characteristic systemic and oral conditions that require special precautions during dental treatment. Drugs must be administered with caution and patients undergoing hemodialysis must receive special consideration. Both hemodialysis and transplant patients must be protected against infection. This is achieved by early, aggressive, and thorough dental treatment. Use of antibiotics during dental treatment is essential in transplant patients and is often necessary in hemodialysis patients to protect them against bacteremia. Bacterial endocarditis is a concern in patients with renal failure and with heart disease and, in these patients, antibiotic prophylaxis is essential. Hepatitis is often present in patients with renal failure, and precautions should be taken against its spread. Before dental treatment of patients with renal failure is begun, the dentist should consult the patient's physician regarding specific precautions. A treatment plan should be constructed which best restores the patient's dentition and protects from potentially severe infection of dental origin.

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Related Concepts

Antibiotics
Dentistry for Disabled
Bacterial Endocarditis
Focal Infection, Dental
Hemodialysis
Hepatitis
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Mouth Diseases
Peritoneal Dialysis
Kidney Transplantation

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