PMID: 7932350Jan 1, 1994Paper

Dentists and AIDS: a survey of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior in Italy

Journal of Public Health Dentistry
I F AngelilloM Pavia


Italy, together with Spain, is second only to France in the total number of AIDS cases in Europe, with over 16,800 as of March 1993. The purpose of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitudes, and behavior concerning AIDS and infection control among Italian dentists. A questionnaire was mailed to 1,000 dentists randomly selected from the Italian Dental and Maxillo-Facial Association's register of dentists. Of the 715 dentists responding, 70.7 percent of dentists knew all the main risk groups able to transmit the infection and that semen is a biologic fluid potentially contaminated by HIV virus. This knowledge was greater if the number of patients per week was not higher than 55 and if the dentist had had a previous contact with an HIV-seropositive patient. Only a few (21.1%) knew all the oral manifestations of AIDS. Over 65 percent of the dentists indicated that they would treat HIV-seropositive patients (71.9%) or those with AIDS (66.8%). Dentists were more willing to care for an HIV-seropositive patient if they were involved in specialties with high blood contact, if they had a previous contact with an HIV patient, as the average number of patients per week increased, and if they did not consider saliva as a possible rout...Continue Reading


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