Nov 1, 1975

Deoxyribonucleic acid polymerases of Euglena gracilis. Primer-template utilization of and enzyme activities associated with the two deoxyribonucleic acid polymerases of high molecular weight

The Biochemical Journal
A G McLennan, H M Keir

Abstract

The two high-molecular-weight DNA polymerases from Euglena gracilis, pol A (mol. wt. 190 000) and pol B (mol. wt. 240 000), were differentiated on the basis of associated enzymic activities and primer-template utilization. Neither enzyme had endodeoxyribonuclease activity, but pol B, like pol B of yeast and the corresponding enzyme from Tetrahymena pyriformis, exhibited at least one other nuclease activity directed against denatured DNA and the RNA of an RNA-DNA hybrid. These nuclease functions preferred an alkaline pH and Mg2+. Pol B also exhibited nucleoside diphosphokinase activity. Both enzymes were active with 'activated' DNA and poly[d(A-T)] as primer-templates and were sensitive, especially pol B, to inhibition by excess of native or heat-denatured DNA. Pol B also utilized oligo[d(T)] and poly(A) templates under certain conditions, whereas pol A exhibited only slight activity with poly[d(A)]. (U)6 was not used as a primer by either enzyme.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Poly T
Adenine Polynucleotides
Endonuclease
Poly U
Alkaline DNase
Genetic Template
Oligonucleotides
Euglena gracilis
Genomic Hybridization
Phosphotransferases

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