PMID: 39106Oct 1, 1979

Depletion of red cell ATP by incubation with 2-deoxyglucose

The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
T Kondo, E Beutler

Abstract

In order to devise a more physiologic system for measuring depletion of red cell ATP levels, the effect of incubating human erythrocytes with 2-deoxyglucose has been investigated. ATP depletion proceeds very slowly at a 20 mM concentration of 2-deoxyglucose, a level which exceeds the Km of hexokinase for this substrate by more than 10-fold. However, at 160 mM concentration of 2-deoxyglucose, ATP depletion proceeds sufficiently rapidly that nearly 90% of ATP has disappeared from the red cell after 2 1/2 hr of incubation. To explain this observation, a number of additional studies were carried out. It was found that 2-deoxyglucose penetrated rapidly into red cells. Phosphorylation of 2-deoxyglucose in red cells was inhibited by both products of the 2-deoxyglucose-phosphorylating reaction, namely, 2-deoxyglucose-6-phosphate and ADP. Inhibition of 2-deoxyglucose phosphorylation was diminished at higher-than-physiologic pH levels. Red cells may be relatively rapidly depleted of ATP by incubation with 100 mM 2-deoxyglucose in a saline-phosphate-buffered medium, pH 7.8. In such rapidly depleted cells, the morphologic changes which formerly were attributed to ATP depletion do not occur.

Related Concepts

Adenosine Triphosphate, Chromium Ammonium Salt
Deoxy Sugars
Deoxyglucose
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Erythrocytes
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

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