May 1, 1976

Depolarization-induced calcium release from sarcoplasmic reticulum fragments. II. Release of calcium incorporated with ATP

Journal of Biochemistry
M Kasai, Miyamoto

Abstract

Ca2& incorporated in vesicles of sarcoplasmic reticulum fragments (SRF) by diffusion could be released rapidly by changing the ionic environment, by dilution from methanesulfonate (MS) to chloride. This ion exchange is considered to make the membrane potential of SRF inside-negative. Much faster release of Ca2t was also observed upon osmotic change from high to low. These responses were very similar to the Ca2& release from SRF after take up using ATP, but the release rate was slow in the case of anion exchnage. The behavior of K&, Na&, sucrose, and inulin incorporated in SRF was followed upon similar treatment. These ions and nolecules were not released upon ion exchange, but were immediately released by osomtic treatment. Therefore, the Ca& release upon anion exchange was not due to the bursting of SRF, but to a direct effect such as a membrane potential change of the SRF. The behavior of anion such as C1- and propionate could not followed by the same method because of the large permability of these anions. It was also shown that Ca& release upon ion exchange was not a direct effect of pH change. Liver microsomes did not show Ca& release upon the same treatment as SRF.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Calcium [EPC]
Membrane
Calcium
Methanesulfonate
Diffusion Weighted Imaging
Potassium
Environment
Calcium ion
Ions
Microsomes, Liver

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