Depression of constitutive murine cytochromes P450 by staphylococcal enterotoxin B

Biochemical Pharmacology
S I ShedlofskyJ A Snawder


Most in vivo studies demonstrating decreased activities of hepatic cytochromes P450 with inflammation have used Gram-negative bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as the inflammatory stimulant. But products of Gram-positive bacteria, such as staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), also stimulate inflammatory mediators, albeit with a different pattern than LPS. Therefore, effects of SEB on the regulation of murine constitutive P450s were determined in this study and compared with those of LPS. LPS-responsive C3H/HeN and LPS-unresponsive C3H/HeJ mice were injected with either LPS (0.5 mg/kg) or SEB (0.66 to 6.6 mg/kg), and hepatic cytochromes P450 and serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, nitrate/nitrite, and serum amyloid A concentrations were determined up to 24 hr. HeJ mice were generally less responsive than HeN mice to both stimuli, with lower cytokine, nitrate/nitrite, and serum amyloid A responses. However, in both mouse strains SEB caused more prolonged cytokine, higher nitrate/nitrite, and lower serum amyloid A concentrations than LPS. Despite these differences, in HeN mice, after both SEB and LPS administration, total P450 concentrations were equally depressed by 40%. Both SEB and LPS depressed CYP1A1 and 1A2 micr...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Enterotoxin B, staphylococcal
Cytochrome P-450 Oxygenase
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Mice, Inbred C3H
Staphylococcus aureus
Inflammation Mediators
Mouse, Swiss

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