May 1, 1976

Depression of the hepatic cytochrome P-450 mono-oxygenase system by administered tilorone (2,7-bis(2-(diethylamino)ethoxy)fluoren-9-one dihydrochloride)

Drug Metabolism and Disposition : the Biological Fate of Chemicals
K W Renton, G J Mannering

Abstract

The oral administration of the antiviral agent, tilorone-HCl (50 mg/day for 4 days) to rats caused losses of hepatic microsomal ethylmorphine N-demethylase, benzo(a)pyrene hydroxylase and aniline hydroxylase activities of 50, 44 and 22%, respectively. Microsomal levels of cytochrome P-450 and NADPH-cytochrome c reductase were lowered by 40 and 20% respectively, but levels of cytochrome b5 and NADH-cytochrome c reductase remained unchanged. After a single oral dose of tilorone-HCl (50 mg/kg) a loss of 38% of the microsomal cytochrome P-450 and 25% of the ethylmorphine N-demethylase activity was observed within 24 hr; recovery was complete within 8 to 10 days. Hexobarbital sleeping times and blood levels were elevated after tilorone administration (20 or 50 mg/kg/day for 4 days). In vitro, tilorone-HCl showed no inhibitory effect on microsomal drug metabolism nod did it affect the cytochrome P-450 content of the microsomes. The rate of incorporation of delta-amino(3H)levulinic acid into cytochrome P-450 was not affected by tilorone-HCl.

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Mentioned in this Paper

NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase
Benzopyrene Hydroxylase
Ethylmorphine-N-Demethylase
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Microsomes, Liver
Fluorenes
Tilorone
Spectrophotometry
Aniline Hydroxylase
Oxygenases

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