PMID: 1254593Mar 25, 1976

Derivatives of Clostridium acidi-urici ferredoxin containing altered amino acid sequences. Semisynthetic synthesis, biological activity, and stability

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
E T LodeJ C Rabinowitz


The semisynthetic syntheses and some properties of derivatives of Clostridium acidi-urici ferredoxin that contain amino acid deletions or replacements in the peptide chain are described. All 16 stable derivatives prepared, with the exception of [Trp2]ferredoxin, were fully active as electron carriers in the two enzymatic assay systems tested: the phosphoroclastic system and the ferrodoxin-dependent reduction of cytochrome c. E1Trp1]Ferredoxin had 70% of the activity of native ferredoxin in both assay systems. The stability in aerobic solution of [Ala1]ferredoxin, which had had its natural alanyl NH2-terminal residue removed and then replaced chemically, is the same as that of the native ferrodoxin (half-life of approximately 54 days). The relative stabilities of derivatives with a replacement or deletion of the NH2-terminal residue are as follows: [Ala1]- greater than or equal to [Phe1]-, [Lys1]-, [ Pro1]-, [Leu1]- greater than [Met1]- greater than [Gly1]- greater than [Glu1]- greater than des-Ala1-ferrodoxin. The data indicate that a large bulky residue, but not a negatively charged residue, is tolerated in position 1 of the peptide chain and the greatly decreased stability (half-life = 1 day) of des-Ala1-ferredoxin confirms t...Continue Reading

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