DOI: 10.1101/475624Nov 21, 2018Paper

Deriving Cardiomyocytes from Human Amniocytes

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Colin T MaguireMaureen L Condic

Abstract

Many forms of congenital heart disease (CHD) have high morbidity-mortality rates and require challenging surgeries. Human amniocytes have important stem cell characteristics and could potentially provide patient-specific tissue for repairs of some types of CHDs. We report that amniocytes express features of poised cardiomyocytes. However, a variety of direct reprogramming approaches failed to convert their fetal and transcriptionally repressed state into bona fide cardiomyocytes. Induced-pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) reprogramming removes repression and converts amniocytes to a baseline pluripotent state. Based on molecular and electrophysiological signatures, iPSC reprogrammed amniocytes can be induced to differentiate into functionally immature, predominantly ventricular cardiomyocytes and a heterogeneous mixture of vascular and unspecified epithelial cells. Developmental time course analyses and pattern clustering of amniocyte-derived cardiomyocytes identifies numerous temporal co-regulators of cardiac induction and maturation as well as distinct sarcomeric and ion channel gene signatures. Normal fetal cardiomyocytes are derived by overcoming complex forms of transcriptional repression that suppress direct transdifferentiatio...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Blood Vessel
Enzyme Repression
Epithelial Cells
Fetus
Stem Cells
Myocytes, Cardiac
Congenital Disorders
Cell Therapy
Patterns
Operative Surgical Procedures

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