Design and dosimetry of a facility to study health effects following exposures to fission neutrons at low dose rates for long durations

International Journal of Radiation Biology
T B BorakMichael M Weil


Purpose: During extended missions into deep space, astronauts will be exposed to a complex radiation field that includes high linear energy transfer (LET) radiation from high energy, heavy ions (HZE particles) at low dose rates of about 0.5 mGy/d for long durations. About 20% of the dose is delivered by ions with LET greater than 10 keV/µm. There are sparse empirical data in any species for carcinogenic effects from whole-body exposures to external sources of mixed or high LET radiation at this level of dose rates. For the induction of solid tumors, acute exposures to HZE ions have been shown to be substantially more effective per unit dose than low LET exposures associated with photons. To determine the health effects of high LET radiation at space-relevant dose rates on experimental animals, we developed a vivarium in which rodents could be irradiated with Californium (252Cf) neutrons for protracted periods of time.Materials and methods: The neutron source is a panoramic irradiator containing 252Cf located in a concrete shielded vault with a footprint of 53 m2. The vault can accommodate sufficient caging to simultaneously irradiate 900 mice and 60 rats for durations up to 400 d at a dose rate of 1 mGy/d and is approved for ex...Continue Reading


Dec 1, 1973·Archives of Neurology·F H Anderson, J R Lehrich
Oct 4, 2012·Health Physics·Helle Bielefeldt-OhmannMichael M Weil
Sep 17, 2013·Radiation Protection Dosimetry·Weihua ZhangWei Li
Mar 8, 2016·Life Sciences in Space Research·John W NorburyCary J Zeitlin
Mar 8, 2016·Life Sciences in Space Research·Tony C SlabaChiara La Tessa
Oct 21, 2017·Nature Reviews. Cardiology·Richard L HughsonMarco Durante
Dec 6, 2018·Occupational and Environmental Medicine·Robert J Reynolds, Steven M Day
May 19, 2019·Life Sciences in Space Research·Frederico KifferAntiño R Allen
Jun 23, 2019·Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance·Robert J Reynolds, Steven M Day


Nov 15, 2019·International Journal of Radiation Biology·Richard A BrittenLarry D Sanford

Related Concepts

Cell Nucleus
Cell Wall
Laboratory mice
Operating Room
Spatial Distribution

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.