DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/gt2020-15603Jan 15, 2021Proceedings Paper

Design and Optimization of a Boundary Layer Ingesting Propulsor

Justin HolderMark L. Celestina

Abstract

The boundary layer ingestion concept has the potential to improve propulsion efficiency that will lead to better fuel economy of commercial aircraft. This design concept has been explored by NASA as the Single-aisle Turboelectric Aircraft with Aft Boundary-Layer propulsor “STARC-ABL.” This paper discusses the 1D-3D aerodynamic design and optimization process as well as the structural analysis of the rotor of a propulsor with incoming distortion. The propulsor is at the tail of the fuselage, and consists of an Inlet Guide Vane (IGV), Rotor, and Outlet Guide Vane (OGV). The design process presented accounts for only the large radial distortion and not the circumferential distortion. The paper also describes a pragmatic way of choosing orthogonal design parameters to proceed with the optimization process using a genetic algorithm. The final optimized design is highly dependent on the objective function to be optimized. A Modified Adiabatic Efficiency (MAE) has been defined to account for the loss of kinetic energy downstream of the propulsor CFD exit plane. This lost kinetic energy is essentially an approximation of the mixing loss of the tangential, axial and radial components of velocity at the OGV exit. The three blade-row adia...Continue Reading

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