Jan 27, 2019

Detecting Adaptive Differentiation in Structured Populations with Genomic Data and Common Gardens

Genetics
Emily B JosephsGraham Coop

Abstract

Adaptation in quantitative traits often occurs through subtle shifts in allele frequencies at many loci-a process called polygenic adaptation. While a number of methods have been developed to detect polygenic adaptation in human populations, we lack clear strategies for doing so in many other systems. In particular, there is an opportunity to develop new methods that leverage datasets with genomic data and common garden trait measurements to systematically detect the quantitative traits important for adaptation. Here, we develop methods that do just this, using principal components of the relatedness matrix to detect excess divergence consistent with polygenic adaptation, and using a conditional test to control for confounding effects due to population structure. We apply these methods to inbred maize lines from the United States Department of Agriculture germplasm pool and maize landraces from Europe. Ultimately, these methods can be applied to additional domesticated and wild species to give us a broader picture of the specific traits that contribute to adaptation and the overall importance of polygenic adaptation in shaping quantitative trait variation.

  • References58
  • Citations4

References

  • References58
  • Citations4

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Genome
United States Department of Agriculture
Genome Assembly Sequence
Zea mays
Cell Differentiation Process
Oligogenic Inheritance
Adaptation
Quantitative Trait, Heritable
Structure
Species

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