PMID: 8409581Aug 1, 1993

Detection of antibody to varicella zoster virus by immune adherence hemagglutination

Kansenshōgaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
N NakajimaT Yamauchi

Abstract

Anti varicella-zoster virus (VZV) antibodies were detected by an immune adherence hemagglutination (IAHA) test, and were compared with the CF test, IFA test and ELISA test, respectively. Type O, Rh-positive RBC for IAHA was obtained from five healthy volunteers. All five RBCs had sufficient sensitivity as the indicator cell. Optimum incubation temperature was 37 degrees C in the serum and in the complement. The complement was obtained from guinea pig sera, and the most suitable concentration was 1;100. The convalescent VZV antibody titers were similar to the values obtained from any of the methods previously mentioned. However, mean titers measured by CF were about two-to fourfold lower than in the values of IAHA. Seroconversion rates of the live VZV vaccine, as detected by CF and IFA were relatively low (CF; 76%, IFA; 56%). In contrast, those obtained from ELISA and IAHA showed perfectly (100%). These results indicate that IAHA has sufficient sensitivity and specificity in the detection of VZV antibodies. In addition, the IAHA test is thought to be a rapid and easy test to perform in ordinary laboratories.

Related Concepts

Antibodies, Viral
Hemagglutination Test
Antibody Dissociation
Human herpesvirus 3

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