PMID: 9082996Apr 4, 1997

Detection of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in a vesicular fraction of brain synaptosomes

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
J P FawcettR A Murphy

Abstract

The mRNA encoding brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is widely distributed in central nervous system neurons, including in hippocampus and cortex. However, little is known about the physiology of BDNF protein within neurons, including how it is processed or packaged and the mechanisms that control its release. In this study, we have used antibodies to monitor the subcellular distribution of BDNF in cortical extracts from adult rats treated with kainic acid. BDNF immunoreactivity is elevated in rat cortex 12 h after kainic acid treatment. The protein is enriched in a vesicular fraction isolated from lysed synaptosomes, its distribution being similar to that of synaptotagmin, which is associated with synaptic vesicles and large dense core vesicles at nerve terminals. The vesicular pool of BDNF is digested by proteinase K only in the presence of Triton X-100 suggesting localization of BDNF in membrane fractions. Immunocytochemistry detects diffuse and punctate BDNF staining within cell bodies and processes of cortical neurons from kainic acid-treated rats, as well as in mossy fiber terminals of rat hippocampus. Taken together, these data show that BDNF can accumulate axonally within a vesicular compartment of brain neurons. ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
Cortex Bone Disorders
Adrenal Cortex Diseases
Immunoreactivity
Neurons
Recombinant Brain-Derived Growth Factors
Synaptic Vesicles
Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Measurement
Kainic Acid
Mossy Fiber

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