Detection of Disease-Causing SNVs/Indels and CNVs in Single Test Based on Whole Exome Sequencing: A Retrospective Case Study in Epileptic Encephalopathies.

Frontiers in Pediatrics
Dan SunFeng Zhu

Abstract

Background: Epileptic encephalopathies (EEs) are a pediatric entity with highly phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity. Both single nucleotide variants (SNVs)/Indels and copy number variations (CNVs) could be the causes. Whole exome sequencing (WES) is widely applied to detect SNVs/Indels, but the bioinformatics approach for detecting CNVs is still limited and weak. In the current study, the possibility of profiling both disease-causing SNVs/Indels and CNVs in a single test based on WES in EEs was evaluated. Methods: The infants diagnosed with EEs were enrolled from a single pediatric epilepsy center between January 2018 and February 2020. Demographic and clinical data were collected. In WES data, the pathogenic SNVs were identified through an in-house pipeline, and pathogenic CNVs were identified by CNVkit. The diagnostic rate was evaluated, and the molecular findings were characterized. Results: A total of 73 infants were included; 36 (49.32%) of them were males. The median age was 7 months. Thirty-two (43.84%) infants had been diagnosed with epilepsy syndrome. The most common type of syndrome was West syndrome (22/73, 30.1%), followed by Dravet syndrome (20/77, 27.4%). Fifty-four (73.97%) had intellectual development delay. Th...Continue Reading

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Software Mentioned

XHMM
AnnoVar
SIFT
CoNIFER
samtools
AnnotSV
PolyPhen
InterVar
SPSS
MOPS

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