DOI: 10.1101/459347Nov 2, 2018Paper

Detection of enterovirus protein and RNA in multiple tissues from nPOD organ donors with type 1 diabetes

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Maarit OikarinenHeikki Hyöty


Epidemiological studies have shown an association between enterovirus (EV) infections and type 1 diabetes (T1D), and EV protein has been detected in the pancreatic islets of T1D patients. Here we correlated the detection of EVs in lymphoid tissues (spleen and pancreatic lymph nodes) and small intestinal mucosa to the virus detection in the pancreas of T1D, autoantibody-positive (aab+) and non-diabetic control organ donors of the Network for Pancreatic Organ Donors with Diabetes (nPOD) study. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples were screened for insulin and EV protein using immunohistochemistry, and frozen tissue for EV genome using RT-PCR. The presence of EV protein in the pancreatic islets correlated with the presence of insulin-positive cells. Altogether 62 % of T1D and aab+ donors were positive for EV protein in pancreatic islets (only insulin-positive donors included), 40 % in duodenum and 32 % in spleen, compared to 33 %, 14 %, and 27 % of non-diabetic controls. Pancreatic lymph nodes were positive for EV protein in 60 % of T1D and aab+ cases. T1D and aab+ donors were more frequently VP1-positive in multiple organs than control donors (39 % vs. 11 %; including only insulin-positive donors). EV RNA was found in ...Continue Reading

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