May 10, 2013

Detection of significantly differentially methylated regions in targeted bisulfite sequencing data

Bioinformatics
Katja HebestreitHans-Ulrich Klein

Abstract

Bisulfite sequencing is currently the gold standard to obtain genome-wide DNA methylation profiles in eukaryotes. In contrast to the rapid development of appropriate pre-processing and alignment software, methods for analyzing the resulting methylation profiles are relatively limited so far. For instance, an appropriate pipeline to detect DNA methylation differences between cancer and control samples is still required. We propose an algorithm that detects significantly differentially methylated regions in data obtained by targeted bisulfite sequencing approaches, such as reduced representation bisulfite sequencing. In a first step, this approach tests all target regions for methylation differences by taking spatial dependence into account. A false discovery rate procedure controls the expected proportion of incorrectly rejected regions. In a second step, the significant target regions are trimmed to the actually differentially methylated regions. This hierarchical procedure detects differentially methylated regions with increased power compared with existing methods. R/Bioconductor package BiSeq. Supplementary Data are available at Bioinformatics online.

Mentioned in this Paper

Hydrogen sulfite
DNA Methylation [PE]
H2S(D2S)
Protein Methylation
Methylate
DNA Methylation
Bio-Informatics
Computer Programs and Programming
Sequencing
Methylation

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