Aug 1, 1992

Determinants of coronary effects of atrial natriuretic factor in dogs

European Journal of Clinical Investigation
G ErtlK Kochsiek


The direct vascular action of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is unclear. In coronary vasculature, vasodilation has been reported as well as vasoconstriction. Doses of ANF, baseline plasma ANF levels and interference with the renin-angiotensin system might account for the controversy. We tried to further analyse determinants of the effect of ANF on coronary blood flow in anaesthetized dogs. The chest was opened and the left anterior descending coronary artery cannulated and perfused at constant normal (= 76 +/- 5 mmHg, n = 10) or reduced (= 37 +/- 3 mmHg, n = 10) pressure from the femoral arteries. At normal coronary perfusion pressure, ANF (1 ng kg-1 i.c.) reduced coronary flow from 30.7 +/- 4.2 to 26.9 +/- 4.0 ml min-1 (P less than 0.05). This effect was no longer significant at reduced coronary perfusion pressure (4.9 +/- 0.8 vs. 4.6 +/- 0.7 ml min-1). ANF (1 ng kg-1 i.c.) reduced coronary blood flow in correlation with baseline plasma ANF levels (r = 0.77, P less than 0.001). However the large variability of the constrictor effect of ANF in the rather small range of baseline plasma ANF, weakens the importance of this result and suggests other additional determinants. ANF (100 ng kg-1 i.c.) significantly increased coronary b...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
Coronary Circulation
Atrial Natriuretic Factor Precursors
Pathologic Vasoconstriction
Renin-Angiotensin Pathway
Blood Vessel
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Blood Flow

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