Determinants of extinction in the fossil record

Nature
Shanan E Peters, Michael Foote

Abstract

The causes of mass extinctions and the nature of biological selectivity at extinction events are central questions in palaeobiology. It has long been recognized, however, that the amount of sedimentary rock available for sampling may bias perceptions of biodiversity and estimates of taxonomic rates of evolution. This problem has been particularly noted with respect to the principal mass extinctions. Here we use a new compilation of the amount of exposed marine sedimentary rock to predict how the observed fossil record of extinction would appear if the time series of true extinction rates were in fact smooth. Many features of the highly variable record of apparent extinction rates within marine animals can be predicted on the basis of temporal variation in the amount of exposed rock. Although this result is consistent with the possibility that a common geological cause determines both true extinction rates and the amount of exposed rock, it also supports the hypothesis that much of the observed short-term volatility in extinction rates is an artefact of variability in the stratigraphic record.

References

Apr 24, 2001·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·A B Smith
May 17, 2001·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·John AlroyA Webber
Jan 1, 1992·Paleobiology·D M Raup
Jun 6, 1980·Science·L W AlvarezH V Michel
Mar 19, 1982·Science·D M Raup, J J Sepkoski
Sep 22, 1972·Science·D M Raup

Citations

Mar 11, 2005·Nature·James W Kirchner, Anne Weil
May 19, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Lauren Cole Sallan, Michael I Coates
Sep 6, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Peter J MayhewAlistair J McGowan
Oct 25, 2007·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Peter J MayhewTimothy G Benton
Jul 24, 2008·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Graeme T LloydMichael J Benton
Nov 21, 2008·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Felix G Marx
Oct 29, 2010·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Michael J Benton
Jun 23, 2010·Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics·Christophe M LefèvreKevin R Nicholas
Aug 18, 2005·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Shanan E Peters
Dec 15, 2004·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·A Z Krug, M E Patzkowsky
Sep 7, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Steve C Wang, Peter Dodson
Feb 16, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Peter J LuCharles R Marshall
Jun 15, 2007·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jonathan L Payne, Seth Finnegan
Sep 5, 2014·Nature Communications·Alexander M DunhillMichael J Benton
Jun 7, 2011·Comptes rendus biologies·Gilles EscarguelSerge Legendre
Jun 3, 2009·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Michael D Crisp, Lyn G Cook
Mar 16, 2016·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Allison Y HsiangPincelli M Hull
Apr 16, 2013·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Roger B J Benson, Patrick S Druckenmiller
Jul 21, 2015·Global Change Biology·Emily A OrzechowskiDerek P Tittensor
Nov 21, 2015·Organogenesis·Takamasa TobitaAlexandra Collin de l'Hortet
Jun 25, 2015·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Guillaume Guinot, Lionel Cavin
Jul 21, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Steven M Holland
Nov 10, 2009·Advances in Marine Biology·Philip C ReidRichard Washington
Apr 25, 2008·Systematic Biology·Frank T Burbrink, R Alexander Pyron
May 23, 2012·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·Frederick E GrineMark F Teaford
Nov 30, 2012·The Anatomical Record : Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology·Néstor ToledoSergio F Vizcaíno
Jan 14, 2018·The Anatomical Record : Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology·Courtney P OrsbonCallum F Ross
Dec 28, 2018·ZooKeys·Mariam I Adeoba, Kowiyou Yessoufou
Mar 27, 2019·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Christian M Ø RasmussenJorge Colmenar
Feb 15, 2020·Scientific Reports·D OppoD B Kemp
Sep 26, 2017·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Curtis R CongreveJames C Lamsdell
Nov 20, 2019·Nature Ecology & Evolution·Amelia Penny, Björn Kröger

Related Concepts

Biological Evolution
Fossils
Marine Hydrobiology

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Trichotillomania

Trichotillomania is an impulse control disorder characterized by the recurrent pulling of one's hair resulting in noticeable hair loss. Here are the latest discoveries in this field.

DDX3X Syndrome

DDX3X syndrome is caused by a spontaneous mutation at conception that primarily affects girls due to its location on the X-chromosome. DDX3X syndrome has been linked to intellectual disabilities, seizures, autism, low muscle tone, brain abnormalities, and slower physical developments. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
A B Smith
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Shanan E Peters
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
John AlroyA Webber
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved