PMID: 7931873Oct 1, 1994Paper

Determinants of growth in children with the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

The Journal of Pediatrics
C L MarcusG M Loughlin


Failure to thrive is a common complication of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). To further evaluate its cause, we obtained 3-day dietary records, anthropometric measurements, polysomnography, and measurements of energy expenditure during sleep (SEE) in children with OSAS before and after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Fourteen children were studied (mean age, 4 +/- 1 (SD) years). During initial polysomnography, patients had 6 +/- 3 episodes of obstructive apnea/hr, an arterial oxygen saturation nadir of 85% +/- 8%, and peak end-tidal carbon dioxide tension of 52 +/- 6 mm Hg. After surgery, OSAS resolved in all patients. The standard deviation score (z score) for weight increased from -0.30 +/- 1.47 to 0.04 +/- 1.34 (p < 0.005), despite unaltered caloric intake (91 +/- 30 vs 90 +/- 27 kcal/kg per day; not significant). The initial SEE (averaged over all sleep states) was 51 +/- 6 kcal/kg per day; postoperatively, it decreased to 46 +/- 7 kcal/kg per day (p < 0.005). Although SEE decreased during all sleep stages, the greatest decrease occurred during rapid eye movement sleep. The patients with the highest SEE on initial study had the lowest z scores (r = -0.62; p < 0.05). We conclude that SEE decreases and wei...Continue Reading


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