Determinants of near fatality in acute severe asthma

The American Journal of Medicine
J M KallenbachS Zwi

Abstract

The data extrapolated from cases of acute severe asthma that narrowly miss being fatal may prove valuable in the identification of the factors implicated in mortality. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to identify determinants of near fatality in patients with acute severe asthma. We studied 81 patients with acute severe asthma in whom mechanical ventilation was required. Near fatality was defined as the occurrence of respiratory arrest and/or coma necessitating emergency tracheal intubation and resuscitation. In the cases that were not regarded as near fatal, tracheal intubation was performed electively because of deteriorating arterial blood gas values and/or the anticipation of exhaustion. Various continuous and categorical variables were compared in these two groups of patients. Patients with a hyperacute attack (period from onset of attack to mechanical ventilation less than 3 hours) were specifically sought and studied to determine the impact of such a course on near fatality. The "attack duration" (period from onset of attack to mechanical ventilation) was an important determinant of near fatality and of the subsequent clinical course. It was shorter in the group with a near-fatal episode (p < 0.03), and hyperacu...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Acute Disease
Teens
Asthma
Psychogenic Coma
Emergencies [Disease/Finding]
Intubation, Intratracheal
Mechanical Ventilation
Respiratory Failure

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