Determinants of Participation in A Post-Hospitalization Physical Exercise Program for Older Adults

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Miriam UrquizaJon Irazusta

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In older patients, functional and cognitive status often decline after hospitalization. Although interventions based on physical exercise can revert these effects, participation in physical exercise interventions is low. This study aimed to identify determinants of refusal to participate in a physical exercise program in post-hospitalized older patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of recruitment data from a randomized controlled trial. A total of 509 hospitalized people ≥70 years old participated in this study. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained from the Basque Public Health System database. We measured physical function with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), nutritional status by the Mini-Nutritional Assessment, frailty according to the Fried phenotype criteria, and cognitive function by the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ). Student’s t, Mann-Whitney U or chi-squared tests were applied for bivariate analysis. Parameters significantly associated with participation were introduced in a logistic multivariate regression model. RESULTS: Of evaluated patients, 10.8% declined physical exercise program participation. Multivariate regression revealed that older age (OR: 1.13;...Continue Reading

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