Jul 1, 1992

Determinants of the perception of sagittal motion

Perception & Psychophysics
W C Gogel, J D Tietz


This study examines the change in the perceived distance of an object in three-dimensional space when the object and/or the observer's head is moved along the line of sight (sagittal motion) as a function of the perceived absolute (egocentric) distance of the object and the perceived motion of the head. To analyze the processes involved, two situations, labeled A and B, were used in four experiments. In Situation A, the observer was stationary and the perceived motion of the object was measured as the object was moved toward and away from the observer. In Situation B, the same visual information regarding the changing perceived egocentric distance between the observer and object was provided as in Situation A, but part or all of the change in visual egocentric distance was produced by the sagittal motion of the observer's head. A comparison of the perceived motion of the object in the two situations was used to measure the compensation in the perception of the motion of the object as a result of the head motion. Compensation was often clearly incomplete, and errors were often made in the perception of the motion of the stimulus object. A theory is proposed, which identifies the relation between the changes in the perceived egoc...Continue Reading

  • References9
  • Citations3


  • References9
  • Citations3


Mentioned in this Paper

Discrimination Learning
Distance Perception
Motion Perception
Position Sense
Mental Concentration
Optical Illusions
Sagittal Plane

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