Nov 1, 1990

Determinants of the ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation

Journal of the American College of Cardiology
L ToivonenF Morady

Abstract

Determinants of the ventricular cycle length during atrial fibrillation were examined in 52 patients. Thirty-three patients had structural heart disease and none had an accessory atrioventricular (AV) connection. The AV node effective and functional refractory periods, the shortest atrial pacing cycle length associated with 1:1 conduction, the AV node conduction time and indexes of concealed conduction in the AV node were measured in the baseline state (36 patients) and after modification of sympathetic tone by infusion of isoproterenol or propranolol (8 patients each). Atrial fibrillation was then induced with rapid atrial pacing, and the mean, shortest and longest ventricular cycle lengths were measured. Variables that correlated most strongly with the mean RR interval during atrial fibrillation were the AV node effective refractory period (r = 0.93; p less than 0.001), AV node functional refractory period (r = 0.87; p less than 0.001) and shortest atrial pacing cycle length associated with 1:1 conduction (r = 0.91; p less than 0.001). The AH interval during sinus rhythm (r = 0.74; p less than 0.001) and during atrial pacing at the shortest cycle length with 1:1 conduction (r = 0.52; p less than 0.001) had weaker correlations...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Sinus - General Anatomical Term
Refractory Period, Electrophysiological
Atrial Fibrillation
Refractory Period
Structure of Atrioventricular Node
Electrophysiology (Science)
Ventricular Function
Propranolol
Isoproterenol
Heart Ventricle

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