PMID: 2412372Jun 1, 1985

Determination of antibodies to Streptococcus group A polysaccharide by an immunodiffusion method in human sera in various pathological processes of streptococcal etiology

Zhurnal mikrobiologii, epidemiologii, i immunobiologii
N a BorodiiukV L Cherkasov

Abstract

A method for the assay of antibodies to the specific antigenic determinant of group A streptococcal polysaccharide (A-polysaccharide) in human sera was developed. The sera were tested in the precipitation test in agar gel with different doses of A-polysaccharide. The presence of a high level of the above-mentioned antibodies is indicative of infection caused by group A streptococcus, but not streptococci of other groups or by the L-forms of streptococci. In 87.5% of patients with primary rheumatism a high level of antibodies to the specific antigenic determinant of A-polysaccharide was detected during the first day of the disease, which confirms most convincingly the etiological role of group A streptococcus in rheumatism. Considerable differences in the level of antibodies to A-polysaccharide in the active and non-active phases of rheumatism have been established, which makes it possible to use the presence of a high level of these antibodies as an indicator of the rheumatic process activity. A considerable percentage of sera with a high level of antibodies to A-polysaccharide was also detected in erysipelas and acute glomerulonephritis patients.

Related Concepts

Antibodies, Bacterial
Antigenic Specificity
Erysipelas
Immunodiffusion Measurement
Bright Disease
Polysaccharides, Bacterial
Relapse
Enthesopathy
Streptococcal Infections
Bacteria, Flesh-Eating

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