Determination of lonazolac and its hydroxy and O-sulfated metabolites by on-line sample preparation liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection

Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Gerhard FriedrichKlaus Rissler


A reliable method, which can be used for the determination of lonazolac and its hydroxylated and O-sulfated metabolites in cell culture media with methyllonazolac as the internal standard is described. The procedure employs on-line sample enrichment using a BioTrap 500 MS (20 x 4 mm I.D.) extraction pre-column and subsequent gradient separation on an Xterra MS C18-HT (100 x 3 mm I.D., 3.5 microm particles) analytical column in the back-flush mode. Signal monitoring was done by measurement of fluorescence responses at 273 nm for excitation and 385 nm for emission. Structural identity of analyte peaks was confirmed by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectroscopy (LC-MS-MS) using an electrospray ionization (ESI) source in the selected reaction monitoring (SRM) mode. Mean recoveries of lonazolac, hydroxylonazolac and lonazolac sulfate, respectively, from the biological matrix were 104.2 +/- 3.5, 96.7 +/- 2.2, and 100.9 +/- 3.5%. The limit of detection (LOD) for the three compounds was about 5 ng/ml using a total sample volume of only 50 microl. Linearity of signal responses versus concentration for all three analytes was accomplished in the range 10-600 ng/ml. The mean values of the coefficients of variation (CV) for quality ...Continue Reading


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