PMID: 7581917Jul 21, 1995Paper

Determination of maprotiline in plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography with chemiluminescence detection

Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
J IshidaMasatoshi Yamaguchi


A simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method is described for the determination of maprotiline, an antidepressant, in plasma. After a single-step extraction from plasma (100 microliters) with n-hexaneisoamylalcohol (19:1, v/v), the drug and desipramine (internal standard) are converted into their chemiluminescent derivatives by reaction with 6-isothiocyanatobenzo[g]phthalazine-1,4(2H,3H)-dione, a new chemiluminescence derivatization reagent for amines. The derivatives are separated within 60 min on a reversed-phase column, TSKgel ODS-80, using isocratic elution with acetonitrile-100 mM acetate buffer (pH 3.2), and produced chemiluminescence by reaction with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) in alkaline medium. The detection limit for maprotiline added to plasma is 0.36 pmol (0.1 ng)/ml plasma (1.5 fmol on column), at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3.

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