Feb 1, 1993

Determination of proliferative characteristics of growth plate chondrocytes by labeling with bromodeoxyuridine

Calcified Tissue International
Cornelia E Farnum, Norman J Wilsman

Abstract

Postnatal bone growth occurs by the process of endochondral ossification in cartilaginous growth plates at the ends of long bones. The rate and extent of long bone growth is determined by a combination of chondrocytic proliferation, matrix production, and increase in chondrocytic height in the direction of growth during cellular enlargement. In this study, single pulse and/or repeated pulse labeling with the thymidine analog bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was used to study the role of cellular proliferation in controlling long bone growth. Variables studied included progression of the label over time following a pulse, and patterns and progression of the label over time following repeated pulse labeling for 24 and 48 hours. Examination was made of the proliferative characteristics of chondrocytes, the spatial pattern of cellular proliferation, and cell cycle kinetics. With respect to the spatial pattern of proliferative chondrocytes, results suggest that chondrocytes within a column are more synchronized with each other than are chondrocytes in different columns. This is consistent with the concept that each column represents a clonal expansion of a stem cell, which may proceed independently from adjacent columns. Despite this appare...Continue Reading

  • References38
  • Citations57

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Endochondral Ossification
Thymidine
Hypertrophy
Chondrocyte
Cell Proliferation
Epiphysis of Bone
Cell Division Phases
Cell Cycle
Structure of Long Bone
Clonal Expansion

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved