Determining the Frequency of Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease in End Stage Renal Disease Patients on Hemodialysis at Dialysis Centre of Tertiary Care Hospital

Curēus
Muhammad AleemArsalan Nawaz

Abstract

Objectives To determine the frequency of acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) among patients of end-stage renal disease. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Lahore Teaching Hospital after approval from the ethical review committee. About 150 patients with end-stage renal disease fulfilling the inclusion criteria and undergoing three hemodialysis sessions per week for six months were approached. The patients underwent ultrasonography by the same consultant radiologist and the presence of acquired polycystic kidney disease was noted in the proforma. Data was stratified for age, gender and duration of hemodialysis and the chi-square test was applied. Results The mean age of the study participants was 47.31±9.44 years and males were majority in number with 92 (61.3%). The acquired cystic kidney disease was noted in 20 (13%) participants. There was significant difference noted in different age groups as six (6.5%) patients in the 18-40 age group and 14 (24%) patients in the 40-80 age group have acquired kidney disease (p-value=0.002). No important association between ACKD, age, and gender were found. None of these patients had evidence of renal cell carcinoma, extrarenal cysts, retroperitoneal or i...Continue Reading

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