Jan 15, 2018

Deubiquitinating enzyme PSMD14 promotes tumor metastasis through stabilizing SNAIL in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

Cancer Letters
Rui ZhuZhihua Liu

Abstract

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) transcription factor SNAIL is associated with distant metastasis and poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. The proteolysis of SNAIL is mediated by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Several E3 ligases have been characterized to promote SNAIL ubiquitination and degradation. However, the reverse process - deubiquitination of SNAIL remains largely unknown. In this study, we performed a mass spectrometry to examine the interaction between SNAIL and deubiquitinating enzyme(s). Subsequently, the deubiquitinating enzyme PSMD14 was identified to target SNAIL for deubiquitination and stabilization. Furthermore, knockdown of PSMD14 significantly blocks SNAIL-induced EMT and then suppresses tumor cell migration and invasion in vitro and tumor metastasis in vivo. In addition, the high expression level of PSMD14 predicts poor prognosis for esophageal cancer patients. These findings suggest PSMD14 as a bona fide deubiquitinating enzyme to regulate SNAIL at the post-translational level and provide a promising therapeutic strategy against tumor metastasis of esophageal cancer.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
In Vivo
Proteasome Pathway
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
HEK293 Cells
Gene Knockdown Techniques
Cell Motility
Regulation of Biological Process
Ubiquitin
USP1

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