Jun 15, 2007

Development of a base set of toxicity tests using ultrafine TiO2 particles as a component of nanoparticle risk management

Toxicology Letters
David B WarheitChristie M Sayes

Abstract

The development of a risk management system for nanoscale or ultrafine particle-types requires a base set of hazard data. Assessing risk is a function of hazard and exposure data. Previously, we have suggested "parallel tracks" as a strategy for conducting nanoparticle research. On the one hand, mechanistic studies on "representative" nanoparticles could be supported by governmental agencies. Alternatively, with regard to commercial nanoparticles, the environmental, health and safety (EHS) framework would include a minimum base set of toxicity studies which should be supported by the companies that are developing nano-based products. The minimum base set could include the following criteria: substantial particle characterization, pulmonary toxicity studies, acute dermal toxicity and sensitization studies, acute oral and ocular toxicity studies, along with screening type genotoxicity, and aquatic toxicity studies. We report here the toxicity results of a base set of hazard tests on a set of newly developed, well-characterized, ultrafine TiO(2) (uf-TiO(2)) particle-types. In vivo pulmonary toxicity studies in rats demonstrated low inflammatory potential and lung tissue toxicity. Acute dermal irritation studies in rabbits and loca...Continue Reading

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