Development of a low-cost tsetse trap and odour baits for Glossina pallidipes and G. longipennis in Kenya

Medical and Veterinary Entomology
R BrightwellC Kyorku

Abstract

Experiments were carried out to improve the NG2B tsetse trap (Brightwell et al., 1987), baited with acetone and cow urine, for use by rural communities to control G.pallidipes Austen and G.longipennis Corti. Modifications included a lower dose rate of acetone, a new cage design and raising the trap about 15-20 cm. Research on different trap cone materials showed that the degree of light transmission of the netting, rather than its colour, was the crucial factor affecting the catch of G.pallidipes. Adding an additional metre of blue cloth to one side of the trap increased catches of females of both species by about 60%. Traps baited with synthetic phenols yielded similar numbers of G.pallidipes and significantly more G.longipennis than those baited with natural cow urine. The latter difference was not apparent when octenol was also used, so cow urine was retained as one of the odour baits in preference to the imported phenols. Although octenol increased catches of G.pallidipes by only about 30%, catches of G.longipennis were increased 2-4-fold, making it a very useful attractant for the latter species. The cost of the trap/odour-bait system was estimated to be US$8.5 per unit per annum. The economics of this method of tsetse con...Continue Reading

Citations

May 1, 1994·Tropical Animal Health and Production·D O KihuraniP M Mbithi
Apr 4, 2007·Journal of Chemical Ecology·Rajindar K Saini, Ahmed Hassanali
Feb 2, 2010·Journal of Chemical Ecology·John A PickettWalter S Leal
Jul 27, 2007·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Ahmed HassanaliChristine M Woodcock
Jun 17, 2010·BMC Infectious Diseases·Aneth M MahandeEliningaya J Kweka
Feb 29, 2008·PLoS Medicine·Pere P SimarroPierre Cattand
May 17, 2014·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Daniel K MasigaChristian Borgemeister
Oct 12, 2013·PloS One·Mario A Rodríguez-PérezThomas R Unnasch
Aug 30, 2011·Journal of Insect Science·Rebecca Hood-NowotnyAndrew Parker
Mar 22, 2007·Medical and Veterinary Entomology·J GillesE Tillard
Mar 22, 2007·Medical and Veterinary Entomology·S MihokP N Ndegwa
Jun 1, 2006·Advances in Parasitology·E M FèvreI Maudlin
Apr 20, 2002·Medical and Veterinary Entomology·A CatleyS O Nyamwaro
Oct 4, 2000·Medical and Veterinary Entomology· Vreysen MJBF W Suleiman
Apr 1, 1994·Medical and Veterinary Entomology·J K StilesS K Moloo
Sep 21, 2002·Bulletin of Entomological Research·S Mihok
Oct 19, 2017·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Rajinder K SainiChristian W Borgemeister
Feb 25, 2020·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Rosemary BatetaAdalgisa Caccone
Oct 12, 2017·Parasites & Vectors·Winnie A OkeyoAdalgisa Caccone
Aug 2, 2019·The Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research·Harry A MusonyeJames Nonoh
Nov 3, 2020·Journal of Insect Science·David B TaylorJunwei J Zhu

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

African Trypanosomiasis

African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness, is an insect-borne parasitic disease of humans and other animals. It is caused by protozoa of the species Trypanosoma brucei and almost invariably progresses to death unless treated. Discover the latest research on African trypanosomiasis here.