PMID: 9668458Jul 21, 1998Paper

Development of a non-radioactive DNA probe and in situ hybridization for detection of Anaplasma marginale in ticks and cattle

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
K M KocanG L Murphy

Abstract

A non-radioactive DNA probe was developed for detection of Anaplasma marginale in ticks and cattle. The probe was labeled with digoxigenin 11-dUTP by polymerase chain reaction. The probe was tested on bovine blood and was found to be a sensitive and specific detection method for A. marginale in cattle. The DNA probe was then adapted for in situ hybridization (ISH) of A. marginale in Dermacentor andersoni and D. variabilis ticks infected either as nymphs or adults. One-half of each tick was studied with ISH while the other half was examined with light and electron microscopy. In male ticks infected as adults, tick gut cells first became infected with A. marginale while ticks fed on an infected calf, and they remained infected as they transmission fed on a second, susceptible calf. At the onset of transmission feeding, salivary glands became infected with A. marginale. During transmission feeding infection was also observed in interstitial, reproductive, skeletal muscle, fat body and Malpighian tubule tissue, resulting in a generalized A. marginale infection. When adult ticks that acquired infection as nymphs were examined with ISH and microscopy, gut tissues of both D. andersoni and D. variabilis became infected with A. marginal...Continue Reading

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