Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia affecting approximately 2.2 million Americans. Because several studies have suggested that changes in mitochondrial function and morphology may contribute to AF, we developed a novel proteomic workflow focused on the identification of differentially expressed mitochondrial proteins in AF patients. Right human atrial tissue was collected from 20 patients, 10 with and 10 without AF, and the tissue was subjected to hydrostatic pressure cycling-based lysis followed by label-free mass spectrometric (MS) analysis of mitochondrial enriched isolates. Approximately 5% of the 700 proteins identified by MS analysis were differentially expressed between the AF and non-AF samples. We chose four differentially abundant proteins for further verification using reverse phase protein microarray analysis based on their known importance in energy production and regulatory association with atrial ion channels: four and a half LIM, destrin, heat shock protein 2, and chaperonin-containing TCP1. These initial study results provide evidence that a workflow to identify AF-related proteins that combines a powerful upfront tissue cell lysis with high resolution MS for discovery and protein arr...Continue Reading
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Arrhythmias are abnormalities in heart rhythms, which can be either too fast or too slow. They can result from abnormalities of the initiation of an impulse or impulse conduction or a combination of both. Here is the latest research on arrhythmias.
Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia that is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, particularly due to stroke and thromboembolism. Here is the latest research.
Atrial fibrillation refers to the abnormal heart rhythm characterized by rapid and irregular beating of the atria. Here is the latest research.