Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents.

Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Mercedes de OnisJonathan Siekmann


To construct growth curves for school-aged children and adolescents that accord with the WHO Child Growth Standards for preschool children and the body mass index (BMI) cut-offs for adults. Data from the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)/WHO growth reference (1-24 years) were merged with data from the under-fives growth standards' cross-sectional sample (18-71 months) to smooth the transition between the two samples. State-of-the-art statistical methods used to construct the WHO Child Growth Standards (0-5 years), i.e. the Box-Cox power exponential (BCPE) method with appropriate diagnostic tools for the selection of best models, were applied to this combined sample. The merged data sets resulted in a smooth transition at 5 years for height-for-age, weight-for-age and BMI-for-age. For BMI-for-age across all centiles the magnitude of the difference between the two curves at age 5 years is mostly 0.0 kg/m(2) to 0.1 kg/m(2). At 19 years, the new BMI values at +1 standard deviation (SD) are 25.4 kg/m(2) for boys and 25.0 kg/m(2) for girls. These values are equivalent to the overweight cut-off for adults (> or = 25.0 kg/m(2)). Similarly, the +2 SD value (29.7 kg/m(2) for both sexes) compares closely with the cut-off f...Continue Reading


Jul 1, 1992·Statistics in Medicine·T J Cole, P J Green
Mar 10, 2000·Pediatric Research·A M FredriksJ M Wit
Apr 21, 2004·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·T LobsteinUNKNOWN IASO International Obesity TaskForce
Sep 8, 2004·Statistics in Medicine·Robert A Rigby, D Mikis Stasinopoulos
Nov 16, 2004·International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·M de Onis
Sep 7, 2005·Statistics in Medicine·E BorghiUNKNOWN WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group
Jul 5, 2006·Acta Paediatrica. Supplement·UNKNOWN WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Aug 9, 2013·International Journal of Obesity : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·J S KjeldsenA Sjödin
Jul 16, 2010·Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz·B-M Kurth, A Schaffrath Rosario
Jul 18, 2009·Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology·Robert C StewartFrancis Creed
May 13, 2010·Pediatric Cardiology·Osman OzdemirSinef Aksoy
Sep 8, 2012·Pediatric Radiology·Juliana C EloiMatteo Baldisserotto
Apr 3, 2012·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Maria das Graças PaivaDaniel Lambertz
Sep 11, 2010·European Journal of Pediatrics·Sabine VerbeekFlorens G A Versteegh
Oct 26, 2010·European Journal of Pediatrics·Zbigniew KułagaHuiqi Pan
Feb 2, 2013·European Journal of Pediatrics·Zbigniew KułagaMieczysław Litwin
Mar 15, 2011·Pediatric Nephrology : Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association·Andrea F DuncanCharles R Rosenfeld
Jan 17, 2012·Pediatric Nephrology : Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association·Rosamund Modupe AkuseOlugbenga Awobusuyi
Oct 12, 2012·Clinical Oral Investigations·Roswitha Heinrich-WeltzienKatrin Kromeyer-Hauschild
Jan 13, 2010·Quality of Life Research : an International Journal of Quality of Life Aspects of Treatment, Care and Rehabilitation·Truls ØstbyeSeang-Mei Saw
Apr 3, 2012·Obesity Surgery·Milene A PufalCláudio C Mottin
Mar 30, 2011·Current Gastroenterology Reports·Howard G ParsonsSheila M Innis
Jun 19, 2013·World Journal of Pediatrics : WJP·Jyoti Ratan Ghosh, Arup Ratan Bandyopadhyay
Dec 25, 2012·Journal of Adolescence·Áine Regan, Caroline Heary
Aug 6, 2013·Body Image·Julia FredricksonMarita McCabe
Jul 11, 2013·Psychiatry Research·Julia Elba de Souza FerreiraGloria Valeria da Veiga
Nov 5, 2013·Revue D'épidémiologie Et De Santé Publique·M SebbaniM Amine
Mar 5, 2011·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·Lígia Cardoso dos ReisSamantha Brasil de Andrade
Jun 23, 2009·Archives de pédiatrie : organe officiel de la Sociéte française de pédiatrie·A-W Onyango
Jun 23, 2009·Archives de pédiatrie : organe officiel de la Sociéte française de pédiatrie·M-F Rolland-Cachera, S Péneau
Apr 8, 2014·The Lancet. Diabetes & Endocrinology·Juan Ángel RiveraReynaldo Martorell
Jan 1, 2013·Journal of Nutritional Science·Jennifer L Miles-ChanAbdul G Dulloo
Aug 13, 2009·The British Journal of Nutrition·Maria del Mar BibiloniJosep A Tur
Sep 18, 2013·The British Journal of Nutrition· SandjajaUNKNOWN SEANUTS Study Group
Sep 18, 2013·The British Journal of Nutrition·Nipa RojroongwasinkulIlse Khouw
Jun 10, 2010·Journal of Biosocial Science·Olayinka O OmigbodunOluyomi Esan
Nov 15, 2012·Journal of Biosocial Science·Taís S LopesRosangela A Pereira
Apr 3, 2010·Public Health Nutrition·Sigrun HenjumLiv Elin Torheim
Jan 29, 2011·Public Health Nutrition·Letícia de Oliveira CardosoIuri da Costa Leite
Apr 14, 2011·Public Health Nutrition·Sheila M A MatosUNKNOWN SCAALA (Social Change, Asthma and Allergy in Latin America) Study Group

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Acta Paediatrica. Supplement
WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group
Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
T LobsteinIASO International Obesity TaskForce
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved