Development of Donor-Specific Anti-HLA Antibodies After Restarting Hemodialysis Due to Graft Failure

Transplantation Proceedings
V García MontemayorP Aljama

Abstract

Incidents of renal replacement therapy (RRT) from renal transplants are on the rise. Some authors have associated the development of donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) with the end of immunosuppression treatment (IS) and/or the performing of a transplantectomy. The objective of this study was to analyze the characteristics of transplant patients having high immunological risk who restarted RRT and the subsequent development of DSA. We selected incidents on RRT carried out between 1980 and 2012 in our center: 146 cases; they presented non-DSA cytotoxic antibodies prior to returning to RRT. Survival time for the graft was 77.2 months; the average follow-up period for DSA development was 131.9 months. DSA in 76 cases (52.1%). Of 146 grafts, 72 underwent transplantectomy and 41 presented DSA after returning to RRT. In 17 of these cases (41.5%), the development of DSA occurred prior to the transplantectomy. Fifty-one cases of DSA were registered at the date of completion of the IS treatment, and 40 appeared after discontinuation (median 36 weeks) and 11 with previous appearance. IS was completed, with a median of 13 weeks after the return to RRT. No association was found between DSA development and order of graft, transplantec...Continue Reading

Citations

Dec 12, 2001·Clinical Transplantation·P J Smak GregoorW Weimar
Oct 31, 2009·Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN·Juan Carlos AyusAlan S Go
Jan 16, 2010·Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN·Heidi M Schaefer, J Harold Helderman
May 14, 2011·Seminars in Dialysis·Phuong-Thu Pham, Phuong-Chi Pham
May 26, 2012·Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN·Arnaud Del BelloNassim Kamar
Apr 11, 2014·Transplantation·Michael J CaseyHerwig-Ulf Meier-Kriesche
Oct 10, 2014·Transplantation·Peter A Andrews, Standards Committee of the British Transplantation Society

Related Concepts

Hemodialysis
Study
Decreased Immunologic Activity [PE]
Follow-up
Graft Survival
HLA Antigens
Kidney
Antibody Formation
Teens
Transplantation

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