Feb 11, 1998

Developmental appearance and distribution of bone sialoprotein and osteopontin in human and rat cementum

The Anatomical Record
D D BosshardtA Nanci

Abstract

Bone sialoprotein (BSP) and osteopontin (OPN), two major noncollagenous proteins (NCPs) in collagen-based mineralized tissues, have been implicated in mineral deposition and cell- and matrix-matrix interactions during root development. However, their role in cementogenesis is still a subject of debate. Since distribution of proteins is indicative of function, we have analyzed their temporo-spatial appearance in relation to that of cementum collagen. Human premolars and rat molars at various stages of root development characterized by differing rates of formation were fixed in aldehyde and embedded in epoxy and LR White resin. Sections were processed for ultrastructural analysis and postembedding colloidal gold (immuno)cytochemistry. Incubations with antibodies against BSP and OPN and with lectins recognizing prominent sugars in these proteins generally revealed similar labeling patterns in both human and rat teeth, with gold particles accumulating mainly in the interfibrillar spaces. The lectin Helix pomatia, specific for N-acetyl-D-galactosamine, was distinctive in that it consistently reacted with human cementum, but only sporadically labeled rat cementum. Regardless of both the species and the stage of root development, mine...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Uropontin
Patterns
Ibsp protein, rat
Isolectins
Sialoproteins
IBSP gene
Extracellular Matrix
Plant Root Development
Immunocytochemistry
Cementation

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