Nov 1, 1992

Developmental changes in heparan sulfate expression: in situ detection with mAbs

The Journal of Cell Biology
G DavidH Van den Berghe


Two mAbs that are specific for heparan sulfate-related epitopes have been raised and used to analyze the cellular and tissular distribution of this glycosaminoglycan during development. mAb 10E4 reacts with an epitope that occurs in native heparan sulfate chains and that is destroyed by N-desulfation of the glycosaminoglycan. The antibody does not react with hyaluronate, chondroitin sulfate, or DNA, and reacts only poorly with heparin. The reactivity of proteoglycan extracts or tissue sections with the 10E4 antibody is completely abolished by heparitinase, but is only partially affected by heparinase. mAb 3G10, in contrast, reacts only with heparitinase-treated heparan sulfate chains, proteoglycans, or tissue sections. The 3G10 epitope is destroyed by treatment with mercuric acetate, which indicates that the desaturated uronate generated by the lyase is essential for the reactivity of the antibody. The 3G10 epitope is not generated by treating heparan sulfate proteoglycans with heparinase or chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans with chondroitin sulfate lyases, which indicates that the 3G10 antibody recognizes desaturated uronates that occur in specific structural contexts. The antibody 10E4 and, after heparitinase treatment, the a...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycans
Antigenic Specificity
Extracellular Matrix

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Antibody Specificity

Antibodies produced by B cells are highly specific for antigen as a result of random gene recombination and somatic hypermutation and affinity maturation. As the main effector of the humoral immune system, antibodies can neutralize foreign cells. Find the latest research on antibody specificity here.

Biosynthetic Transformations

Biosyntheic transformtions are multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed processes where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms. Simple compounds are modified, converted into other compounds, or joined together to form macromolecules. Discover the latest research on biosynthetic transformations here.