PMID: 8555251Jan 5, 1996Paper

Developmental regulation of phospholipid secretion by fetal type II pneumocytes

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
M J KreschH Lu


Surfactant sufficiency is dependent upon adequate synthesis and secretion of surfactant by the type II alveolar epithelium. Our laboratory has previously shown that basal secretion of surfactant phospholipid by differentiated fetal type II cells is lower than the basal secretion by adult cells. The purposes of this study were to determine if undifferentiated fetal type II cells can secrete phosphatidylcholine, to determine if terbutaline, a beta-adrenergic agonist, stimulates secretion of surfactant phospholipids by undifferentiated fetal cells and to examine the effects of differentiation on secretion of surfactant phospholipids by fetal cells. Constitutive (basal) secretion of phosphatidylcholine increased linearly as a function of time in both undifferentiated and differentiated cells, but the rate of secretion was greater in differentiated cells than the rate of secretion in undifferentiated cells. Terbutaline caused a concentration-dependent increase in secretion in both undifferentiated and differentiated cells. Maximal effective concentration and EC50 were similar for undifferentiated (10(-6) M, 0.2 microM) and differentiated (10(-5) M, 0.3 microM) cells. The relative stimulation of secretion above control values was gre...Continue Reading


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