Developmental regulators FlbE/D orchestrate the polarity site-to-nucleus dynamics of the fungal bZIP FlbB

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ainara OtamendiOier Etxebeste

Abstract

Permanently polarized cells have developed transduction mechanisms linking polarity sites with gene regulation in the nucleus. In neurons, one mechanism is based on long-distance retrograde migration of transcription factors (TFs). Aspergillus nidulans FlbB is the only known fungal TF shown to migrate retrogradely to nuclei from the polarized region of fungal cells known as hyphae. There, FlbB controls developmental transitions by triggering the production of asexual multicellular structures. FlbB dynamics in hyphae is orchestrated by regulators FlbE and FlbD. At least three FlbE domains are involved in the acropetal transport of FlbB, with a final MyoE/actin filament-dependent step from the subapex to the apex. Experiments employing a T2A viral peptide-containing chimera (FlbE::mRFP::T2A::FlbB::GFP) suggest that apical FlbB/FlbE interaction is inhibited in order to initiate a dynein-dependent FlbB transport to nuclei. FlbD controls the nuclear accumulation of FlbB through a cMyb domain and a C-terminal LxxLL motif. Overall, results elucidate a highly dynamic pattern of FlbB interactions, which enable timely developmental induction. Furthermore, this system establishes a reference for TF-based long-distance signaling in permane...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Actins
Aspergillus nidulans
Cell Nucleus
Fungi
Neurons
Peptides
Signal Transduction
Transcription Factor
Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors
Site

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