Oct 3, 2014

Non-invasive surveys of mammalian viruses using environmental DNA

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Bradly AliceaAlex Daivd Greenwood

Abstract

Environmental DNA (eDNA) and its subdiscipline, invertebrate-derived DNA (iDNA) have been used to survey biodiversity non-invasively [1,2]. Water is ubiquitous in most ecosystems, and, among invertebrates, terrestrial haematophagous leeches are abundant and can be easily collected in many tropical rainforests [3,4]. Such non-invasive nucleic acid sources can mitigate difficulties of obtaining wildlife samples, particularly in remote areas or for rare species. Recently, eDNA/iDNA sources have been applied to monitoring specific wildlife pathogens [5,6]. However, previous studies have focused on known pathogens, whereas most wildlife pathogens are uncharacterized and unknown. Non-invasive approaches to monitoring known and novel pathogens may be of particular benefit in ecosystems prone to viral emergence, many of which occur in areas where invasive sampling is challenging, such as tropical rainforests. Here, we show that both eDNA from natural waterholes, and iDNA from terrestrial haematophagous leeches, can be used to detect unknown viruses circulating in mammalian hosts (Figure 1). Using a curated set of RNA oligonucleotides based on the ViroChip microarray assay [7] as baits in a hybridization capture system, multiple mammali...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Calcinus elegans
Embryo
Cyartonema elegans
Coleonyx elegans
Cestrum elegans
Clarkia unguiculata
Clathrulina elegans
Cardioglossa elegans
Cymbella elegans
Cyrenella elegans

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