Diabetes mellitus after renal transplantation: as deleterious as non-transplant-associated diabetes?

Transplantation
A M MilesE A Friedman

Abstract

Despite use of lower doses of corticosteroid hormones after renal allotransplantation in the era of cyclosporine and tacrolimus, posttransplant diabetes mellitus remains a common clinical problem. We prospectively investigated the effect of posttransplant diabetes on long-term (mean follow-up, 9.3+/-1.5 years) graft and patient survival in the 11.8% of our renal transplant population (n = 40) who developed diabetes after kidney transplantation, and we compared outcome in 38 randomly chosen nondiabetic control patients who had received transplants concurrently. Twelve-year graft survival in diabetic patients was 48%, compared with 70% in control patients (P = 0.04), and Cox's regression analysis revealed diabetes to be a significant predictor of graft loss (P = 0.04, relative risk = 3.72) independent of age, sex, and race. Renal function at 5 years as assessed by serum creatinine level was inferior in diabetic patients compared to control patients (2.9+/-2.6 vs. 2.0+/-0.07 mg/dl, P = 0.05). Two diabetic patient who experienced graft loss had a clinical course and histological features consistent with diabetic nephropathy; other diabetes-related morbidity in patients with posttransplant diabetes included ketoacidosis, hyperosmola...Continue Reading

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Citations

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