PMID: 18209885Jan 23, 2008Paper

Diabetic ketoacidosis in adults--update of an old complication

Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia
Bianca BaroneJosé Egidio P de Oliveira


Diabetic ketoacidosis is an acute complication of Diabetes Mellitus characterized by hyperglycemia, metabolic acidosis, dehydration, and ketosis, in patients with profound insulin deficiency. It occurs predominantly in patients with type 1 diabetes and is frequently precipitated by infections, insulin withdrawal or undiagnosed type 1 diabetes. The authors review its pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria and treatment options in adults, as well as its complications.


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Diabetes, Autoimmune
Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
Diabetic Ketoacidosis

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