Diagnosis and treatment of disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria. This official statement of the American Thoracic Society was approved by the Board of Directors, March 1997. Medical Section of the American Lung Association

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Abstract

Diagnostic criteria of nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease in HIV-seropositive and -seronegative hosts. The following criteria apply to symptomatic patients with infiltrate, nodular or cavitary disease, or a high resolution computed tomography scan that shows multifocal bronchiectasis and/or multiple small nodules. A. If three sputum/bronchial wash results are available from the previous 12 mo: 1. three positive cultures with negative AFB smear results or 2. two positive cultures and one positive AFB smear B. If only one bronchial wash is available: 1. positive culture with a 2+, 3+, or 4+ AFB smear or 2+, 3+, or 4+ growth on solid media C. If sputum/bronchial wash evaluations are nondiagnostic or another disease cannot be excluded: 1. transbronchial or lung biopsy yielding a NTM or 2. biopsy showing mycobacterial histopathologic features (granulomatous inflammation and/or AFB) and one or more sputums or bronchial washings are positive for an NTM even in low numbers. these criteria fit best with M. avium complex, M. abscessus, and M. kansasii. Too little is known of other NTM to be certain how applicable these criteria will be. At least three respiratory samples should be evaluated from each patient. Other reasonable caus...Continue Reading

Associated Clinical Trials

References

Dec 1, 1977·The British Journal of Dermatology·M M Black, S J Eykyn
Apr 1, 1976·Archives of Dermatology·P R Loria
Dec 1, 1992·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·M B CoyleErik C Böttger
Nov 1, 1992·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·A B StoneD P Ascher
Jun 1, 1992·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·R E HuebnerR O'Brien
Aug 1, 1992·The Journal of Pediatrics·K L ArmstrongB Masters
Nov 1, 1991·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·Marvin PomerantzMichael D Iseman
May 9, 1991·The New England Journal of Medicine·C R Horsburgh
Jun 1, 1991·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·J M Reich, R E Johnson
Apr 1, 1990·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·J HoyB Dwyer
Oct 1, 1990·The American Review of Respiratory Disease
Jul 18, 1990·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·J D WengerK C Klontz
Sep 1, 1990·The American Review of Respiratory Disease
Jan 1, 1989·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·D C LeysenS R Pattyn
Dec 1, 1989·International Journal of Sports Medicine·J GoodmanR J Shephard
Sep 28, 1989·The New England Journal of Medicine·D S PrinceJ E Fish
Jan 1, 1989·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·C R Horsburgh, R M Selik
Apr 1, 1989·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·R J WallaceR K Selander
Dec 1, 1988·Annals of Internal Medicine·V AusinaG Prats
Oct 1, 1988·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·S LaussucqH Gruft
Nov 1, 1987·Reviews of Infectious Diseases·J M MaloneyD Rimland
Apr 1, 1988·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·M B DavisonF B Crimmins
Jul 1, 1988·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·R J WallaceV A Silcox
Oct 13, 1988·The New England Journal of Medicine·P W LowryR J Wallace
Dec 1, 1986·Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health·M D YatesC H Collins
Aug 1, 1986·Annals of Internal Medicine·C C HawkinsD Armstrong
May 1, 1986·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·V AusinaG Prats
Apr 1, 1985·The Journal of Hygiene·C H CollinsM D Yates
Jan 1, 1985·Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease·J E SteadhamJ L Simmank
Nov 1, 1985·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·F S Vadney, J E Hawkins
Dec 1, 1985·Archives of Otolaryngology·D J CastroL Zuckerbraun
Nov 1, 1985·Pediatric Infectious Disease·A M TahaW C Bailey
Dec 1, 1985·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·J M SwensonC Thornsberry
Dec 1, 1974·Tubercle·D A McSwiggan, C H Collins
Mar 1, 1983·Reviews of Infectious Diseases·I H Lichtenstein, R R MacGregor
Jul 1, 1983·Reviews of Infectious Diseases·R J WallaceM S Stone
Oct 1, 1984·The Journal of Applied Bacteriology·C H CollinsM D Yates
Oct 1, 1984·American Journal of Diseases of Children·A M MargilethR P Altman
Jun 1, 1984·New York State Journal of Medicine·T K GeorgeJ B Wood
Jun 1, 1983·Annals of Internal Medicine·J N KuritskyR J Wallace
Dec 1, 1982·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·R C Good, D E Snider
Jan 1, 1983·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·R C BellW G Johanson
Jun 1, 1983·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·J F MoranW C Sealy
Dec 1, 1982·Tubercle·A Lavy, Y Yoshpe-Purer
Apr 1, 1981·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·P C HoffmanC U Mauney
Nov 1, 1981·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·I WeitzmanD Karp
Sep 1, 1981·Reviews of Infectious Diseases·W PezziaJ Silverblatt
Sep 1, 1981·Reviews of Infectious Diseases·P T DavidsonT S Moulding
Sep 1, 1981·Reviews of Infectious Diseases·F KuzeN Maekawa
Sep 1, 1981·Reviews of Infectious Diseases·H GruftB C Parker
May 1, 1980·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·J E Steadham
Jul 1, 1995·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·W C HellingerR S Edson
Nov 1, 1995·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·G ValeroJ R Graybill
May 1, 1995·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·R C KalayjianR J Blinkhorn
May 1, 1995·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·D R HooverJ McArthur
Mar 1, 1995·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·B J MarstonR C Good
Nov 1, 1994·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·T E Kiehn, M White
Nov 1, 1994·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·Erik C Böttger
Apr 1, 1995·Tubercle and Lung Disease : the Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease·Françoise PortaelsP A Jenkins
Apr 1, 1995·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·B A BrownW Girard
Apr 1, 1995·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·E Wolinsky
Dec 23, 1993·The New England Journal of Medicine·D R HooverR A Kaslow
Jan 1, 1994·Microbiology and Immunology·H SaitoS Dekio
Jul 1, 1994·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·C F von ReynT W Barber
Jul 1, 1994·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·L JemniA Letaief
Jul 1, 1994·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·P M SullamB A Wynne
Jul 1, 1994·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·S N BennettS Dietrich
Nov 1, 1993·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·L HeifetsJ Vanderkolk
Apr 1, 1994·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·B HenriquesG Källenius
Aug 1, 1994·Archives of Otolaryngology--head & Neck Surgery·M G StewartN J Coker
May 1, 1994·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·R J WallaceD T Murphy
Jul 1, 1993·International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology·W R ButlerF S Vadney
May 1, 1994·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·R J WallaceG H Mazurek
Sep 16, 1993·The New England Journal of Medicine·S D NightingaleD L Kaufman
Feb 1, 1994·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·A MeierErik C Böttger
Sep 1, 1993·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·D HuminerSilvio Pitlik
May 1, 1993·Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica·R G HahnA M Nordin
Jul 1, 1993·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·P A GreenR P Smith
Apr 1, 1993·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·M ZauggR Lüthy
Apr 1, 1993·Radiology·T E HartmanD E Williams
Apr 1, 1993·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·F C TenoverR C Good
Apr 1, 1993·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·R E HuebnerJ I Tokars
Apr 1, 1993·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·S WhittierP H Gilligan
Apr 1, 1993·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·C W IngramG R Corey
May 1, 1995·Clinics in Dermatology·Françoise Portaels
Sep 1, 1995·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·D E GriffithR J Wallace
Nov 1, 1995·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·B SpringerErik C Böttger
Dec 1, 1995·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·Kevin A Nash, Clark Inderlied
Jun 1, 1996·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·R J WallaceD T Murphy
Jul 1, 1996·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·T E KiehnD Armstrong
Aug 1, 1996·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·L Heifets
Apr 1, 1996·Clinical Microbiology Reviews·J O Falkinham
Jan 1, 1997·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·M PicardeauVéronique Vincent
Jan 1, 1997·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·G L WoodsT Murphy
Dec 1, 1960·The American Journal of Medicine·L C CHRISTIANSON, H J DEWLETT
Aug 1, 1960·Annals of Internal Medicine·A G LEWISF P DUNBAR
Feb 1, 1993·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·E K IivanainenM L Katila

Citations

Jan 15, 2004·American Journal of Respiratory Medicine : Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions·Luis Máiz-Carro, Enrique Navas-Elorza
Dec 7, 2011·International Orthopaedics·Kourosh ZarghooniPeer Eysel
Jun 1, 2001·Current Infectious Disease Reports·David C. PerlmanNadim Salomon
Sep 7, 2005·The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation : the Official Publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation·Smita Sakha PakhaleLianne G Singer
Dec 14, 2011·Revue des maladies respiratoires·C AndréjakV Jounieaux
Jan 16, 2002·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·L Lang-LazdunskiM Riquet
Sep 2, 1998·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·K G NelsonR J Wallace
Sep 21, 2000·International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology·D A LitmanB R Pawel
Oct 10, 2002·Clinics in Chest Medicine·Denis Jones, Diane V Havlir
Feb 22, 2001·Archivos de bronconeumología·J Garrós GarayE Ruiz de Gordejuela
Dec 8, 2000·Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease·B Razavi, M G Cleveland
Feb 23, 2002·Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease·Paul R Rhomberg, Ronald N Jones
Aug 2, 2002·Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease·Isik Somuncu JohansenVibeke Ostergaard Thomsen
Jul 13, 2001·Infectious Disease Clinics of North America·F A Lopez, C V Sanders
Jan 10, 2002·Infectious Disease Clinics of North America·M A Saubolle, P P McKellar
Feb 11, 2004·European Journal of Internal Medicine·I. MarieH. Courtois
Mar 19, 2002·The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation : the Official Publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation·Rick M FairhurstAbbas Ardehali
Feb 13, 2001·Microbes and Infection·S T Howard, T F Byrd
Feb 26, 2004·Paediatric Respiratory Reviews·Kenneth N Olivier, NTM in CF Study Group
Feb 26, 2004·Paediatric Respiratory Reviews·Lynne M Quittell
Apr 14, 2005·Archivos de bronconeumología·J M García GarcíaA A Sánchez Antuña
May 19, 2001·Pediatric Dermatology·A ChavesA Zambrano
Dec 20, 1999·Microbiology and Immunology·T Hashimoto, K Suzuki
Jan 16, 2009·Respirology : Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology·Rachel M Thomson, Wing-Wai Yew
Jun 9, 2007·Seminars in Dialysis·Mira RhoUrsula C Brewster
May 17, 2008·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·C MeeksS G Hirsch
Aug 22, 2007·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·Emma HuitricSven E Hoffner
Aug 31, 2006·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·Toshiaki Shimizu, Haruaki Tomioka
Oct 16, 2001·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·N LounisJ Grosset
Feb 22, 2001·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·R J WallaceR W Wilson
Feb 22, 2001·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·B AuclairC A Peloquin
Oct 6, 2005·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Christopher S BlandT P Primm
Jan 17, 2004·Clinical Microbiology Reviews·Lisa Saiman, Jane Siegel
Dec 28, 2012·Clinical and Vaccine Immunology : CVI·A-Rum ShinHwa-Jung Kim
Sep 14, 2002·Infection and Immunity·Tânia Regina Marques Da SilvaPatrícia Sampaio Tavares Veras
Nov 26, 2010·Journal of Bacteriology·Marie LavollayJean-Luc Mainardi
May 10, 2013·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Sara ChristiansonMeenu K Sharma
Nov 21, 2008·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Stephen J McBrideDavid J Holland
Oct 23, 2009·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Anne-Laure RouxJean-Louis Herrmann for the OMA Group
Jan 5, 2008·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·P C A M BuijtelsK Maquelin
Mar 25, 2011·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Nicole ParrishStefan Riedel
Jun 28, 2001·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Sini SuomalainenK Mattson
Jun 28, 2001·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Patricia S Conville, F G Witebsky
Mar 8, 2003·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Caroline TaillardGuy Prod'hom
Mar 8, 2003·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Jean-Noël DauendorfferEmmanuelle Cambau
Jan 13, 2004·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Michael LefmannUlf B Göbel
Dec 8, 2005·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·P C A M BuijtelsDick van Soolingen
Dec 8, 2005·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Maurizio SanguinettiGiovanni Fadda
Mar 8, 2005·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Akihide ItoSatoshi Mitarai
Jul 8, 2005·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Catherine Pierre-AudigierJean-Louis Gaillard
Aug 6, 2005·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Enrico TortoliMario Spinelli
Mar 18, 2006·American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology·Michael P PietilaCharles F Thomas
Nov 26, 2005·BMC Infectious Diseases·Won Sup OhNam Yong Lee
Oct 24, 2006·BMC Infectious Diseases·Joon Young SongHee Jin Cheong
Jul 16, 2008·Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials·Manimuthu Mani SankarSarman Singh
Jun 26, 2007·Environmental Health Perspectives·Jaime Szeinuk, Elizabeth J Wilk-Rivard
Apr 5, 2005·Internal Medicine·Toshihiko SakaiMasao Shinohara
Mar 20, 2003·Emerging Infectious Diseases·C PiersimoniStefano Bornigia
Jan 15, 2004·Emerging Infectious Diseases·Isabelle Sermet-GaudelusJean-Louis Gaillard
Oct 27, 2004·Emerging Infectious Diseases·C PiersimoniDiego Zallocco
Feb 12, 2005·Emerging Infectious Diseases·Lesla E S Bruijnesteijn van CoppenraetEric C J Claas
Jun 8, 2007·Emerging Infectious Diseases·Jann-Yuan WangKwen-Tay Luh
Mar 8, 2008·Emerging Infectious Diseases·Ethan E BodleLisa Saiman
Mar 8, 2008·Emerging Infectious Diseases·Jakko van IngenDick van Soolingen
Sep 2, 2008·Emerging Infectious Diseases·Birgitta SchweickertAnnette Moter
Feb 6, 2009·Emerging Infectious Diseases·P C A M BuijtelsDick van-Soolingen
Sep 30, 2010·Emerging Infectious Diseases·Rachel M Thomson, NTM working group at Queensland TB Control Centre and Queensland Mycobacterial Reference Laboratory
Apr 4, 2003·Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy : Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy·Yoshihiro Kobashi, Toshiharu Matsushima
Mar 3, 2004·Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy : Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy·Yoshihiro Kobashi, Toshiharu Matsushima
Aug 28, 2013·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·H-B XuL Li
Dec 24, 2003·Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy : Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy·Eiichiro SugiharaHisamichi Aizawa
Aug 20, 2002·The Journal of Dermatology·Nobuhiro FujitaHiroshi Shinkai
Sep 30, 2014·Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiología clínica·Isabel de Miguel-MartinezFernando Cañas-Hernandez
Feb 16, 2013·European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology : Orthopédie Traumatologie·Chien-Shun WangChien-Lin Liu
Aug 1, 2000·AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology·T R HazeltonD A Lynch
Sep 5, 2003·Medical Microbiology and Immunology·Lorenz LeitritzJürgen Heesemann
May 7, 2008·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·J EstebanMadrid Study Group of Mycobacteria
Feb 17, 2009·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·H Grubek-JaworskaR Chazan
Dec 27, 2011·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·A Safdar
Aug 30, 2012·Infection·K P IyengarW Y Loh
Aug 17, 2006·The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences·Jenn-Tzong ChangKai-Sheng Hsieh
Apr 28, 2006·Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan Yi Zhi·Liang-Wen DingPo-Ren Hsueh
Feb 12, 2005·Chest·Theodore K MarrasCharles L Daley
Nov 22, 2011·The Journal of Infection·Meng-Rui LeePan-Chyr Yang
Sep 20, 2011·Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy : Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy·Masaki FujitaY Nakanishi
Jul 5, 2011·Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiología clínica·Antonio RamosRosa Daza
Jun 7, 2011·Journal of Microbiological Methods·Henriette StavriPatrick J Brennan
Jun 15, 2010·Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics·Emmet E McGrath, Paul B Anderson
Apr 18, 2009·Gastroenterología y hepatología·Laura Julián GómezAgustín Caro-Patón Gómez
May 5, 2009·Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiología clínica·Nieves Z Martín-de-HijasJ Esteban
Feb 10, 2007·Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiología clínica·Iván Pérez de PedroPilar Bermúdez-Ruiz
May 8, 2009·Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiología clínica·Antonio RamosMaría Fernanda Guzmán
Nov 21, 2002·Mayo Clinic Proceedings·Otis B RickmanSanjay Kalra
Aug 5, 2000·Mayo Clinic Proceedings·R E Van Scoy, C J Wilkowske
Jul 13, 2005·Mayo Clinic Proceedings·Won-Jung Koh, O Jung Kwon
Sep 19, 2007·American Journal of Clinical Pathology·Xiang Y HanKalen L Jacobson
May 24, 2008·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·John D MitchellMarvin Pomerantz
Apr 10, 2007·Revue des maladies respiratoires·A DixmierC Chouaïd
Mar 11, 2008·La Revue de médecine interne·V PrendkiM Hamidou
Aug 28, 2007·Journal of Microbiological Methods·Anandi MartinFrançoise Portaels
Nov 22, 2005·Infectious Disease Clinics of North America·Michael Gardam, Sue Lim
Nov 17, 2006·Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy : Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy·Yoshihiro KobashiMikio Oka
Oct 27, 2004·American Journal of Transplantation : Official Journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
Feb 18, 2005·Letters in Applied Microbiology·L RajabiT P Primm
Nov 21, 2008·Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis·Sung Weon RyooSeongman Kang
Dec 21, 2007·APMIS : Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, Et Immunologica Scandinavica·Mariana Cristea-FernströmB Petrini
Feb 22, 2012·Cellular Microbiology·Dmitriy IgnatovAlexander Apt
Oct 15, 2013·Journal of the American Geriatrics Society·Ming-Song TsaiChi-Chang Huang
Jan 22, 2010·Clinical and Experimental Immunology·M FujitaY Nakanishi
Apr 29, 2010·Pediatric Pulmonology·G del Rio CamachoM Bernácer Borja
Dec 29, 2004·Transplantation Proceedings·E BishburgL H Arroyo
Oct 7, 2005·Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism·Mario FumagalliFabiola Atzeni
Oct 19, 2005·The Journal of Infection·Sheng-Hsiang LinPo-Ren Hsueh
Jul 13, 2004·Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease·J Daisy Vanitha, C N Paramasivan
Jul 28, 2004·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·Yuji ShiraishiNobumasa Takahashi
May 12, 2004·Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease·David C ChristiansenRobin Patel
Jul 26, 2005·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·Torsten BossertFriedrich W Mohr
May 26, 2007·The American Journal of Medicine·Naseema Gangat, Paul W Johnson
Oct 19, 2006·The Journal of Hospital Infection·R VijayaraghavanC S Belagavi
Aug 26, 2006·Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease·Enrico TortoliGianna Mazzarelli
Sep 1, 2006·Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy : Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy·Yoshihiro KobashiMikio Oka
Sep 1, 2006·Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy : Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy·Yoshihiro KobashiMikio Oka
Nov 4, 2005·Archivos de bronconeumología·R M GirónJ Ancochea
May 30, 2006·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·Masazumi WatanabeKoichi Kobayashi
Feb 10, 2006·Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease·Toyomitsu SawaiShigeru Kohno
Dec 22, 2005·Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy : Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy·Yoshihiro KobashiMikio Oka
Sep 1, 2005·Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy : Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy·Toshinobu YokoyamaHisamichi Aizawa
Jun 28, 2005·The Lancet Infectious Diseases·Maria Jose Miguez-BurbanoSonya Hadrigan
Mar 29, 2002·Infectious Disease Clinics of North America·Deborah L Ebert, Kenneth N Olivier
Oct 10, 2002·Clinics in Chest Medicine·Theodore K Marras, Charles L Daley
Oct 10, 2002·Clinics in Chest Medicine·D E Griffith
Oct 10, 2002·Clinics in Chest Medicine·Michael D Iseman
Oct 10, 2002·Clinics in Chest Medicine·Worakij ChalermskulratJames F Donohue
May 22, 2003·Dermatologic Clinics·Mary E Garman, Ida Orengo
Jun 9, 2009·International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology·Mitsuhiro OkazakiTakashi Watanabe
Oct 10, 2008·International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology·Didi BangVibeke Ostergaard Thomsen
Apr 26, 2008·Journal of Medical Microbiology·Hsiao-Cheng HsiehYen-Hsu Chen
May 1, 2007·The American Journal of Medicine·Richard KaplanCarlos Franco-Paredes
Jun 13, 2015·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·D E GriffithR J Wallace
Apr 8, 2015·Pediatric Dermatology·Shanna Shan-Yi NgLi-Hwei Sng
Mar 21, 2015·Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods·Patrick Valere Fokou TsouhFabrice Fekam Boyom
Jun 9, 2015·La Revue de médecine interne·F AndryP Hausfater
Oct 13, 2005·FEMS Microbiology Reviews·Mario J M VaerewijckFrançoise Portaels
Jun 25, 2015·BioMed Research International·Giulia BonaitiStefano Aliberti
Jul 17, 2012·Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease·Erin EpsonKevin L Winthrop
Aug 7, 2009·International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases·Yu-Hsiang ChouShan-Chwen Chang
Feb 17, 2001·International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases·B Raju, N W Schluger
Feb 22, 2011·International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases·Katarzyna LenartJarosław Dziadek
Jan 29, 2013·International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases·Lulu LianKanglin Wan
Dec 20, 2003·Respiratory Medicine·Kazuya FukuokaHiroshi Kimura
Feb 14, 2015·Clinics in Chest Medicine·D Rebecca Prevots, Theodore K Marras
Feb 1, 2006·FEMS Microbiology Letters·Tetsu MukaiMasahiko Makino
Feb 13, 2001·Clinical Microbiology and Infection : the Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases·R M VenaR F Schell
Oct 17, 2009·Clinical Microbiology and Infection : the Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases·P C A M BuijtelsDick van Soolingen
Aug 11, 2004·Clinical Microbiology and Infection : the Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases·E PaciosE Bouza
Aug 11, 2004·Clinical Microbiology and Infection : the Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases·S M ArendJ T van Dissel
Feb 29, 2016·The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery : Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons·Jessica LickissJay D Ryan
Nov 3, 2005·Clinics in Chest Medicine·Leanne B Gasink, Emily A Blumberg
Aug 25, 2016·Tidsskrift for den Norske lægeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny række·Benedicte Falkenberg-JensenBørre Fevang
May 18, 2000·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·S CarbonaraG Angarano
Feb 15, 2001·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·D E Griffith
May 8, 2001·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·D E GriffithR J Wallace
Feb 15, 2000·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·D E GriffithR J Wallace
Jan 8, 2005·Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology : the Official Journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America·Nicholas G CongerR J Wallace
Jun 7, 2003·Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology : the Official Journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America·Lisa SaimanCystic Fibrosis Foundation
Aug 29, 2013·Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira De Medicina Tropical·Andrea Santos LimaHaiana Charifker Schindler
Sep 14, 2010·Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz·Tânia Regina Marques da SilvaPatrícia Sampaio Tavares Veras
Jan 18, 2005·Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz·Erica ChimaraLucilaine Ferrazoli
Oct 27, 1999·Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology·J StengemS Hsu
Dec 21, 2005·Research in Microbiology·Toïdi Adékambi, Michel Drancourt
May 18, 2006·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Mary A De Groote, Gwen A Huitt
Sep 1, 2004·The Lancet Infectious Diseases·Petros C KarakousisR E Chaisson
Oct 10, 2002·Clinics in Chest Medicine·Akos SomoskoviM Salfinger
Oct 10, 2002·Clinics in Chest Medicine·Antonino Catanzaro
Oct 10, 2002·Clinics in Chest Medicine·Deborah L Ebert, Kenneth N Olivier
Jun 30, 2007·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Yukiko NishiuchiMasami Ito
Dec 22, 2006·Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy·Jason E Stout
Jun 21, 2008·International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases·Shubhada ShenaiAjita Mehta
May 25, 2004·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Karen Doucette, Jay A Fishman
Apr 20, 2007·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Anton Y PelegDavid L Paterson
May 3, 2000·Dermatologic Clinics·S WeitzulA G Pandya
Jun 17, 2006·Chest·Stephen K Field, Robert L Cowie
Jan 12, 2017·Radiographics : a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc·Arun C NachiappanMark M Hammer
Mar 23, 2017·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·Fernando AlcaideMiguel Santin
Oct 2, 2004·The Journal of International Medical Research·T HoriguchiE Munekata
Sep 18, 2007·Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care : JIAPAC·Soumya SwaminathanC N Paramasivan
Aug 9, 2002·Clinical Pediatrics·John V Quinn, Russell W Steele
May 4, 2012·Pediatric and Developmental Pathology : the Official Journal of the Society for Pediatric Pathology and the Paediatric Pathology Society·John T RogersBahig M Shehata
Feb 28, 2004·Expert Reviews in Molecular Medicine·Melanie Newport
Aug 27, 2003·Southern Medical Journal·Jihane A FaressThomas M Roy
Apr 11, 2000·Modern Pathology : an Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc·T V Colby
Jun 19, 2004·Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene·Sirpa RautialaMarja-Leena Katila
Jun 9, 2005·Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases·E D ManaliA C Mehta
May 25, 2004·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·C A PeloquinDouglas Curran-Everett
Mar 19, 2002·Respirology : Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology·Apirak PalwatwichaiAnon Jatakanon
Mar 16, 2002·International Journal of Dermatology·Punkae MahaisavariyaSupakan Khemngern
Jan 4, 2018·Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives·Omar AbdulfattahFrances Schmidt
Sep 11, 2001·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·M S Phillips, C F von Reyn
Jun 5, 2001·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·J K TrupianoG W Procop
Aug 21, 2001·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Y M HaleM Salfinger
May 3, 2002·The New England Journal of Medicine·Alan F Barker
Nov 16, 2011·Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports·Hiromitsu OhtaToshihiro Nukiwa
Sep 23, 2014·American Journal of Clinical Pathology·Huan-Ling WangXiang Y Han
Jun 29, 2004·Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes : JAIDS·Theodore K Marras, Charles L Daley
Mar 26, 2003·Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene·Millie P SchaferElaine S Mathews
Jul 22, 2006·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·Michael Saccente
Mar 4, 2008·Yakugaku zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan·Ayumi SuzukiMitsuo Mita
Apr 12, 2017·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·Dinah Binte AzizThomas Dick
May 25, 2016·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·Devyani DeshpandeTawanda Gumbo
Aug 10, 2012·Journal of Korean Medical Science·Sung-Woo ParkDong Soon Kim
Oct 17, 2014·Journal of breast cancer·Hyunkyung YooSuk Jin Choi
Dec 19, 2016·F1000Research·D E Griffith, Timothy R Aksamit
Apr 26, 2006·Respirology : Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology·Yoshihiro KobashiMikio Oka
Jun 15, 2006·Respirology : Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology·Yutaka NishigakiKenjiro Kikuchi
Apr 1, 2003·Bone Marrow Transplantation·P FriskG Lönnerholm
Oct 4, 2006·Internal Medicine·Sang-Un ParkYoung Kil Park
Oct 21, 2006·Respirology : Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology·Yoshihiro KobashiMikio Oka
Oct 29, 2000·The American Journal of Gastroenterology·J Gilad
Jul 17, 2007·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·D ShitritM R Kramer
Mar 15, 2005·Transplant Infectious Disease : an Official Journal of the Transplantation Society·O ThaunatH Kreis
Mar 4, 2008·Internal Medicine·Toyomitsu SawaiShigeru Kohno
Apr 21, 2005·The British Journal of Dermatology·R BartralotR M Pujol
May 20, 2008·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·C MaozJ Bishara
Jun 16, 2005·The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy·Stephen H GillespieTimothy D McHugh
Jul 12, 2005·Southern Medical Journal·Stephen A Chitty, Juzar Ali
Dec 7, 2010·International Journal of Dermatology·Angela D SheddAída Lugo-Somolinos
Aug 17, 2005·Transplant International : Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation·Alessandro BaisiLuigi Santambrogio
Sep 10, 2005·Transplant Infectious Disease : an Official Journal of the Transplantation Society·S HaasJ Radhakrishnan
Apr 25, 2003·Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association·Alison GriffinRebecka S Hess
Mar 2, 2006·Internal Medicine·Yong Soo KwonByung-Tae Kim
Nov 22, 2005·Southern Medical Journal·Daniel E Cole, Kenneth N Olivier
Nov 22, 2005·Southern Medical Journal·Zaka U KhanGary Salzman
Dec 5, 2006·Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy·Valerie Waters, Felix Ratjen
Jun 6, 2009·Transplant Infectious Disease : an Official Journal of the Transplantation Society·L PinhoM Pestana
Jul 7, 2011·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·C Piersimoni
May 10, 2002·The British Journal of Radiology·C Wittram, G L Weisbrod
May 1, 2019·Jornal brasileiro de pneumologia : publicaça̋o oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia·Lilian Regina Macelloni MarquesErica Chimara
Jan 18, 2020·Antibiotics·Clara M BentoTânia Silva
Nov 27, 2019·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·Thomas DickMartin Gengenbacher
Oct 24, 2000·International Journal of Dermatology·E Palenque
Feb 15, 2002·Transplant Infectious Disease : an Official Journal of the Transplantation Society·G S Nagy, R H Rubin
Oct 26, 2000·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·D P O'BrienV L Krause
Nov 14, 2000·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·G L Woods
Nov 7, 2000·Journal of Clinical Pathology·S A Watterson, F A Drobniewski
Jun 13, 2002·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Kelly A GeboWilliam G Merz
Nov 20, 2002·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Seigo KitadaKazuo Kobayashi
Jan 22, 2003·Seminars in Dialysis·Magdi M HusseinHaysam Roujouleh
Sep 15, 2005·Journal of Medical Microbiology·Maria Alice da Silva TellesLee W Riley
Aug 9, 2003·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Jesús Canueto-QuinteroGrupo Andaluz para el Estudio de las Esfermedades Infecciosas
Jul 11, 2006·Clinical and Vaccine Immunology : CVI·Yon Ju RyuJung Hyun Chang
Jan 12, 2005·Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology·Seigo KitadaKazuo Kobayashi
Jan 3, 2006·Journal of Medical Microbiology·Enrico TortoliFrancesco Leoncini
May 23, 2003·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·Shun-Cheng YangKwen-Tay Luh
Sep 29, 2006·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·Kevin A NashR J Wallace
Apr 13, 2005·The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy·Remedios GunaRafael Borrás
Jul 4, 2003·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·J Daisy VanithaC N Paramasivan
May 10, 2005·International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology·Enrico TortoliNalin Rastogi
Jul 16, 2005·Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part a·Glenn RiceMichael Broder
Feb 28, 2007·Yonsei Medical Journal·Yong Soo KwonByung-Tae Kim
Jul 3, 2010·Expert Review of Clinical Immunology·Jean-Daniel Lalande, Marcel A Behr
Jul 27, 2010·Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography·Eun Sun LeeJung-Gi Im
May 12, 2000·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·E TanakaR Amitani
Apr 4, 2012·Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry·Gülşah KarakayaÜnsal Calış
Apr 18, 2014·General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery·Yuji Shiraishi
Jan 21, 2016·International Journal of Mycobacteriology·Esmaeil MortazPeter J Barnes
Nov 18, 2003·Transplant Infectious Disease : an Official Journal of the Transplantation Society·A A den BroederR G L de Sévaux
Jun 30, 2007·Nature Clinical Practice. Rheumatology·Jakko van IngenDick van Soolingen
Oct 19, 2000·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·A AubryEmmanuelle Cambau
Dec 17, 2004·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·Ann M Loeffler
Mar 17, 2007·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·Arne Nørgaard EskesenMartin Steinbakk
Oct 6, 2007·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·Effrosyni ManaliKyriaki Kanellakopoulou
Jul 8, 2008·Revista brasileira de enfermagem·Rosane Teresinha Fontana
Dec 20, 2019·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·Kai Ling ChinArmando Acosta
Jul 3, 1999·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·E L CorbettK M De Cock
Nov 20, 2002·Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes : JAIDS·Robert M JasmerLaurence Huang
Dec 10, 1999·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·Y YamazakiS Sone
Jul 17, 2001·Pediatric Hematology and Oncology·R SuaraP Spearman
Dec 19, 2006·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Anton Y PelegDavid L Paterson
Oct 12, 2004·Modern Pathology : an Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc·Stephan SchulzFalko Fend
Dec 23, 2004·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Agnès FerroniJean-Louis Gaillard
Oct 15, 2003·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·D E GriffithR J Wallace
Sep 30, 2017·The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy·Anna RominskiPeter Sander
Jun 15, 2019·Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery·Uday S GanapathyThomas Dick
Apr 14, 2000·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·K KuboY Kamijou
Sep 3, 1999·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·E TanakaF Kuze
Oct 5, 2002·Clinical Microbiology Reviews·Barbara A Brown-Elliott, R J Wallace
Oct 5, 2019·Infection & chemotherapy·Yu Mi Wi
Sep 7, 2016·Deutsches Ärzteblatt International·Antje Prasse
Jun 25, 2008·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·David TuerlinckxYouri Glupczynski
Jul 29, 2009·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·Christopher C BlythPamela Palasanthiran
Feb 13, 2021·Biology·Saloni SaxenaGabriel Forn-Cuní
Feb 27, 1999·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·C A PeloquinD E Nix
Apr 15, 2021·The New England Journal of Medicine·Richelle C CharlesAliyah R Sohani
Jul 9, 2009·Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology·I K NeonakisD A Spandidos
Dec 8, 2004·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Toïdi AdékambiMichel Drancourt
Jun 7, 2003·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·C TurenneLindsay E Nicolle
Apr 9, 2004·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Amy K GiraFrederick S Nolte
Dec 10, 2003·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Toïdi AdékambiMichel Drancourt
Jul 3, 1998·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·S A WattersonF A Drobniewski
Oct 6, 2006·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Toïdi AdékambiMichel Drancourt
Oct 4, 2000·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·J WolfeA Kabani