There has been tremendous development in the field of prenatal diagnosis of cardiac disease in the last 30 years. Early work centered on the technical aspects of providing an accurate assessment of cardiac structure and function. Techniques of fetal cardiac screening have been developed and utilized throughout the world. More recently, investigators have begun to explore the ramifications of fetal cardiac diagnosis by assessing measures of outcome. In this article, the field of fetal echocardiography, as a screening tool for identifying congenital heart disease, and its impact on disease outcome is reviewed.
Fetal nuchal translucency: ultrasound screening for chromosomal defects in first trimester of pregnancy
Fetal echocardiography: accuracy and limitations in a population at high and low risk for heart defects
Screening for congenital heart disease prenatally. Results of a 2 1/2-year study in the South East Thames Region
Fetal echocardiographic screening for congenital heart disease: the importance of the four-chamber view
Sonographic detection of fetal anomalies of the aortic and pulmonary arteries: value of four-chamber view vs direct images
Using fetal nuchal translucency to screen for major congenital cardiac defects at 10-14 weeks of gestation: population based cohort study
Detection of transposition of the great arteries in fetuses reduces neonatal morbidity and mortality
Comparison of outcome when hypoplastic left heart syndrome and transposition of the great arteries are diagnosed prenatally versus when diagnosis of these two conditions is made only postnatally
Has fetal echocardiography improved the prognosis of congenital heart disease? Comparison of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome with and without prenatal diagnosis
Accuracy of fetal echocardiography in the routine detection of congenital heart disease among unselected and low risk populations: a systematic review
Transhepatic ultrasound-guided cardiac catheterization in the fetal lamb: a new approach for cardiac interventions in fetuses
Recent trends in indications of fetal echocardiography and postnatal outcomes in fetuses diagnosed as congenital heart disease
Emerging trends in the prenatal diagnosis of complex CHD and its influence on infant mortality in this cohort
Prenatal screening for congenital heart disease with four-chamber and outflow-tract views: a multicenter study
Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease: trends in pregnancy termination rate, and perinatal and 1-year infant mortalities in Korea between 1994 and 2005
Parenting stress trajectories during infancy in infants with congenital heart disease: Comparison of single-ventricle and biventricular heart physiology
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